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Listed 4 sub titles with search on: Various locations for destination: "TEGEA Ancient city ARCADIA".


Various locations (4)

Ancient authors' reports

The Tegeans say that in the time of Tegeates, son of Lycaon, only the district got its name from him, and that the inhabitants dwelt in parishes, Gareatae, Phylacenses, Caryatae, Corythenses, Potachidae, Oeatae, Manthyrenses, Echeuethenses. But in the reign of Apheidas a ninth parish was added to them, namely Apheidantes.


The place of Zeus Clarius

The lofty place, on which are most of the altars of the Tegeans, is called the place of Zeus Clarius (Of Lots), and it is plain that the god got his surname from the lots cast for the sons of Arcas. Here the Tegeans celebrate a feast every year. It is said that once at the time of the feast they were invaded by the Lacedaemonians. As it was snowing, these were chilled, and thus distressed by their armour, but the Tegeans, without their enemies knowing it, lighted a fire. So untroubled by the cold they donned, they say, their armour, went out against the Lacedaemonians, and had the better of the engagement.


Ancient place-names

Tegeatikon Pedion (Tegeatic Plain)

  The territory of Tegea N. of the city, towards Mantineia, is a plain of considerable size, and is usually called the Tegeatic plain (Tegeatikon pedion). There was a smaller plain, separated from the former by a low range of mountains S. of Tripolitza, and lying between Tegea and Pallantium: it was called the Manthyric plain (Manthurikon pedion), from Manthyrea, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, the ruins of which are situated SW. of Tegea, on a slope of Mt. Boreium. (Paus. viii. 44. § 7, comp. viii. 45. § 1, 47. § 1; Steph. B. s. v. Manthurea.) The remainder of the Tegeatis on the E. and S. is occupied by the mountains separating it from Argolis and Sparta respectively, with the exception of a small plain running eastward from the Tegeatic plain to the foot of Mt. Parthenium, and probably called the Corythic plain, from Corytheis, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, which was situated in this plain. (Paus. viii. 45. § 1, 54. § 4.)
  The plain of Tegea having no natural outlet for its waters is drained by natural chasms through the limestone mountains, called katavothra. Of these the two most important are at the modern village of Persova and at the marsh of Taki. The former is situated in the Corythic plain above mentioned, at the foot of Mt. Parthenium, and the latter is the marsh in the Manthyric plain. SW. of Tegea. The chief river in the district is now called the Sarantapotamos, which is undoubtedly the Alpheius of Pausanias (viii. 54. § 1, seq.). The Alpheius rose on the frontiers of Tegea and Sparta, at a place called Phylace (Phulake, near Krya Vrysis), one of the ancient demi of Tegea, and, as we may infer from its name, a fortified watch-tower for the protection of the pass. A little beyond Phylace the Alpheius receives a stream composed of several mountain torrents at a place named Symbola (Sumbola); but upon entering the plain of Tegea its course was different in ancient times. It now flows in a north-easterly direction through the plain, receives the river of Dhuliana (the ancient Garates, Garates, Paus. viii. 54. § 4), flows through the Corythic plain, and enters the katavothra at Persona/. Pausanias, on the other hand, says (viii. 54. § 2) that the Alpheius descends into the earth in the Tegeatic plain, reappears near Asea (SW. of Tegea), where, after joining the Eurotas, it sinks a second time into the earth, and again appears at Asea. Hence it would seem that the Alpheius anciently flowed in a north a north-westerly direction, and entered the katavothra at the marsh of Taki, in the Manthyric plain. There is a tradition among the peasants that the course of the river was changed by a Turk, who acquired property in the neighbourhood, because the katavothra at the Taki did not absorb quickly enough the waters of the marsh. The Garates therefore anciently flowed into the katavothra at Persova without having any connection with the Alpheius. It probably derived its name from Garea or Gareae, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, which may have been situated at the village of Dhuliana. (Ross, Peloponnes, p. 70, seq.; Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 112, seq.)

This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


The fountain where Auge was outraged by Heracles

To the north of the temple is a fountain, and at this fountain they say that Auge was outraged by Heracles.


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