ALICANTE (Town) VALENCIAN COMMUNITY
Acra Leuce (Akra Leuke), a great city of Hispania Tarraconensis, founded by Hamilcar Barcas (Diod. Sic. xxv. 2), and probably identical with the Castrum Album of Livy (xxiv. 41). Its position seems to have been on the coast of the Sinus Ilicitanus, N. of Ilici, near the modem Alicante (Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1, p. 403).
LERIDA (Town) CATALONIA
Fraga Lerida, Spain. Some 30 km SW of Lerida (Ilerda), and not mentioned in the sources. The Villa of Fortunatus, so called because the name occurs on one of its mosaics, is ca. 5 km to the N. A broad peristyle surrounded the various cubicula, which have mosaics with animal motives very unusual in Spain. Built in the 2d c. A.D., enlarged in the 3d and 4th, and abandoned in the 5th, it was a place for recreation rather than a source of economic development. (J. Arce, ed.)
SPAIN (Country) IBERIAN PENINSULA
Iberus (Iber, gen. -eros, and Iberos; in MSS. often Hiberus: Ebro), one of the chief rivers of Spain, the basin of which includes the NE. portion of the peninsula, between the great mountain chains of the Pyrenees and Idubeda. It rises in the mountains of the Cantabri, not far from the middle of the chain, near the city of Juliobriga (the source lies 12 miles W. of Reynosa), and, flowing with a nearly uniform direction to the SE., after a course of 450 M. P. (340 miles), falls into the Mediterranean, in 40° 42' N. lat., and 0° 50' E. long., forming a considerable delta at its mouth. It was navigable for 260 M. P. from the town of Varia (Varea, in Burgos). Its chief tributaries were: on the left, the Sicoris (Segre) and the Gallicus (Gallego), and on the right the Salo (Xalon). It was long the boundary of the two Spains, whence perhaps arose the error of Appian (Hisp. 6), who makes it divide the peninsula into two equal parts. There are some other errors not worthy of notice. The origin of the name is disputed. Dismissing derivations from the Phoenician, the question seems to depend very much on whether the Iberians derived their name from the river, as was the belief of the ancient writers, or whether the river took its name from the people, as W. von Humboldt contends. If the former was the case, and if Niebuhr's view is correct, that the population of NE. Spain was originally Celtic, a natural etymology is at once found in the Celtic aber, i. e. water. (Polyb. ii. 13, iii. 34, 40, et alib.; Scyl. p. 1; Strab. iii. pp. 156, et seq.; Steph. B. s. v.; Mela, ii. 6. § 5; Caes. B.C. i. 60; Liv. xxi. 5, 19, 22, &c.; Plin. iii. 3. s. 4, iv. 20. s. 34; Lucan iv.23; Cato, Orig. VII. ap. Nonius, s. v. Pisculentus.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Receive our daily Newsletter with all the latest updates on the Greek Travel industry.Subscribe now!