Various locations SARMATIA (Ancient country) RUSSIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 7 sub titles with search on: Various locations for destination: "SARMATIA Ancient country RUSSIA".


Various locations (7)

Ancient place-names

Abianus river

Abianus (Abianos), a river of Scythia (Sarmatia) falling into the Euxine, mentioned only in the work of Alexander on the Euxine, as giving name to the ABII, who dwelt on its banks. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Abioi.) Stephanus elsewhere quotes Alexander as saying that the district of Hylea on the Euxine was called Abike, which he interprets by Glaia, woody (Steph. Byz. s. v. Glea.).

Lycus river

  Lycus (Lukos), a river of Sarmatia, which flows through the country of the Thyssagetae, and discharges itself into the Palus Maeotis. (Herod. iv. 124.) Herodotus was so much in error about the position of the Maeotis, that it is difficult to make out his geography here. The Lycus has been identified with the Lagous of Pliny (vi. 7), or the upper course of the Volga. (Comp. Schafarik, Slav. Alt. vol. i. p. 499.) Rennell (Geog. of Herod. vol. i. p. 119) supposes it may be the Medweditza. It must be distinguished from the Lycus of Ptolemy (iii. 5. § 13), which is the modern Kalmius. (Schafarik, l. c.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Marabius river

Marabius (Marabios, Maroubios, Ptol. v. 9. § 2), a river of Sarmatia, which Reichard has identified with the Manyez, an affluent of the Don, on the left bank of that river. Some have considered the Manyez to represent the Achardeus (Achardeos but Strabo (xi. p. 506) expressly says that the latter discharges itself into the Maeotis. (Schafarik, Slav. Alt. vol. i. pp. 60, 500.)

Oaeones islands

Oaeones (Mela, iii. 6. § 8; Solin. 19. § 6) or Oonae (Plin. iv. 13. s. 27), islands in the Baltic off the coast of Sarmatia, the inhabitants of which were said to live on the eggs of birds and wild oats.

Rhubon river

  Rhubon, Rhudon (Rhoubonos ekb., Ptol. iii. 5. § 2; Rhoudonos ekb., Marcian. Heracl. Peripl. § 39, ed. Muller), a river of European Sarmatia which took its source in the Alani Montes and discharged itself into the Venedicus Sinus. Schafarik (Slav. Alt. vol. i. p. 497) has identified it with the Duna, which, taking a direction generally W., falls into the Gulf of Riga below Fort Dunamunde, after a course of 655 miles. This same ethnologist connects the mythic Eridanus, and the trees that wept amber, with the Rhudon of Marcian (Rhubon appears to be a corrupted form), which Sabinus, a commentator upon Virgil, A.D. 1544, calls Rhodanus. The amber could be brought by land, or by water from the coasts where it was collected to the Duna, and thence by boats conveyed to the Borysthenes and the coasts of the Euxine. The name Eri-danus, closely connected with Rhodanus, is composed of the words Rha and Don, roots which, in several of the Indo-European languages, signify water, river, as for instance in Rha, the old name for the Volga, and Danubius, Tanais, Danapris, Danastris, and the like.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Rha potamos (river)

  Rha (Rha potamos, Ptol. v. 9. §§ 12, 17, 19, 21, vi. 14. §§ 1, 4; Amm. Marc. xxii. 8. § 28; Rhos, Agathem. ii. 10: Volga) a river of Asiatic Sarmatia, which according to Ptolemy (l. c.), the earliest geographer who had any accurate knowledge of this longest of European streams, had its twin sources in the E. and W. extremities of the Hyperborean mountains, and discharged itself into the Hyrcanian sea. The affluents which Ptolemy (vi. 14. § 4) describes as falling into it from the Rhymmici Montes, and which must not be confounded with the river Rhymmus, are the great accession made to the waters of the Volga by the Kama in the government of Kasan. Ammianus Marcellinus (l. c.) says that its banks were covered with the plant which bore the same name as the river--the rha or rheon of Dioscorides (rha, rheon, iii. 11) and rhacoma of Pliny (xxvii. 105), or officinal rhubarb. (Comp. Pereira, Mat. Med. vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 1343.) The old reading Rha in the text of Pomponius Mela (iii. 5. § 4) has been shown by Tzschucke (ad loc.) to be a mistake of the earlier editors, for which he substitutes Casius, a river of Albania. The Oarus (Oaros, Herod. iv. 123, 124), where, according to the story of the Scythian expedition, the erection of eight fortresses was supposed to mark the extreme point of the march of Dareius, has been identified by Klaproth, and Schafarik (Slav. Alt. vol. i. p. 499)-who mentions that in the language of some tribes the Volga is still called Rhau -with that river.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Zygopolis

Zygopolis (Sugopolis, Strab. xii. p. 548), a town in Pontus, in the neighbourhood of Colchis. Stephanus B. (p. 290) conjectures that it was in the territory of the Zygi, which, however, does not agree with Strabo's description.

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