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Ancient literary sources (1)
Of these peoples, according to Staphylus, the Dorians occupy the part
towards the east, the Cydonians the western part, the Eteo-Cretans the southern;
and to these last belongs the town Prasus, where is the temple of the Dictaean
Zeus; whereas the other peoples, since they were more powerful, dwelt in the plains.
Now it is reasonable to suppose that the Eteo-Cretans and the Cydonians were autochthonous...(Strabo
From Leben came Leucocomas and his lover Euxynthetus, the story of
whom is told by Theophrastus in his treatise On Love. Of the tasks which Leucocomas
assigned to Euxynthetus, one, he says, was this--to bring back his dog from Prasus.
The country of the Prasians borders on that of the Lebenians, being seventy stadia
distant from the sea and a hundred and eighty from Gortyn. As I have said, Prasus
belonged to the Eteo-Cretans; and the temple of the Dictaean Zeus was there; for
Dicte is near it, not "close to the Idaean Mountain," as Aratus says,
for Dicte is a thousand stadia distant from Ida, being situated at that distance
from it towards the rising sun, and a hundred from Samonium. Prasus was situated
between Samonium and the Cherronesus, sixty stadia above the sea; it was razed
to the ground by the Hierapytnians. And neither is Callimachus right, they say,
when he says that Britomartis, in her flight from the violence of Minos, leaped
from Dicte into fishermen's "nets," and that because of this she herself
was called Dictynna by the Cydoniatae, and the mountain Dicte; for Cydonia is
not in the neighborhood of these places at all, but lies near the western limits
of the island. However, there is a mountain called Tityrus in Cydonia, on which
is a temple, not the "Dictaean" temple, but the "Dictynnaean."(Strabo
This extract is from: The Geography of Strabo (ed. H. L. Jones, 1924), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Nov 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.
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