River, sources and upper course, often vanishes under ground, tributaries, dearest of rivers to Zeus, ashes of victims kneaded with its water, wild olive first grew on its banks, women forbidden to cross it on certain days, loves Arethusa, flows through Adriatic to Ortygia, loves Artemis, images, altars, Leucippus keeps hair long for, Apollo at the, diverted by Herakles into the cattleyard of Augeas.
Alpheius, is distant two hundred and eighty stadia from Chelonatas, and five hundred and forty five from Araxus. It flows from the same regions as the Eurotas, that is, from a place called Asea, a village in the territory of Megalopolis, where there are two springs near one another from which the rivers in question flow. They sink and flow beneath the earth for many stadia and then rise again; and then they flow down, one into Laconia and the other into Pisatis. The stream of the Eurotas reappears where the district called Bleminatis begins, and then flows past Sparta itself, traverses a long glen near Helus (a place mentioned by the poet), and empties between Gythium, the naval station of Sparta, and Acraea. But the Alpheius, after receiving the waters of the Ladon, the Erymanthus, and other rivers of less significance, flows through Phrixa, Pisatis, and Triphylia past Olympia itself to the Sicilian Sea, into which it empties between Pheia and Epitalium.
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