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Ancient literary sources (4)
Nor yet does Homer know Lyrceium nor Orneae, which are villages in Argeia, the former bearing the same name as the mountain near it and the latter the same as the Orneae which is situated between Corinth and Sicyon.(Strabo 8.6.17)
Orneae is named after the river that flows past it. It is deserted now, although
formerly it was well peopled, and had a temple of Priapus that was held in honor;
and it was from Orneae that the Euphronius who composed the Priapeia calls the
god "Priapus the Orneatan." Orneae is situated above the plain of the Sicyonians,
but the country was possessed by the Argives.
The distance from Argos to Lyrcea is about sixty stades, and the distance
from Lyrcea to Orneae is the same. Homer in the Catalogue makes no mention of
the city Lyrcea, because at the time of the Greek expedition against Troy it already
lay deserted; Omeae, however, was inhabited, and in his poem he places it1 on
the list before Phlius and Sicyon, which order corresponds to the position of
the towns in the Argive territory.
The name is derived from Orneus, the son of Erechtheus. This Orneus
begat Peteos, and Peteos begat Menestheus, who, with a body of Athenians, helped
Agamemnon to destroy the kingdom of Priam. From him then did Omeae get its name,
and afterwards the Argives removed all its citizens, who thereupon came to live
at Argos. At Orneae are a sanctuary and an upright wooden image of Artemis; there
is besides a temple devoted to all the gods in common. On the further side of
Orneae are Sicyonia and Phliasia. (2.25.5-6)
- Pausanias, Description of Greece
Orneai or Orneae
city of Argolis: Paus. 2.25.5 ff.
called Ornea by Homer: Paus. 2.12.5
people of O. defeat Sicyonians and dedicate bronze figures to Apollo at Delphi: Paus. 10.18.5
city destroyed and inhabitants removed to Argos: Paus. 2.25.6, 8, Paus. 8.27.1
- Orneai: Perseus Encyclopedia
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