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Ancient literary sources (248)
Diodorus Siculus, Library
- Perseus: Diodorus Siculus, Library (ed. C. H. Oldfather, 1989).
The Aeolian cities
These are the Aeolian cities: Cyme (called "Phriconian"), Lerisae, Neon Teichos, Temnos, Cilla, Notion, Aegiroessa, Pitane, Aegaeae, Myrina, Gryneia. These are the ancient Aeolian cities, eleven in number; but one of them, Smyrna, was taken away by the Ionians; for these too were once twelve, on the mainland. These Aeolians had settled where the land was better than the Ionian territory, but the climate was not so good.
- Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
The Chians, then, surrendered Pactyes, and afterwards Mazares led his army against those who had helped to besiege Tabalus, and he enslaved the people of Priene, and overran the plain of the Maeandrus, giving it to his army to pillage and Magnesia likewise.
- Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
The Panionion is a sacred ground in Mykale, facing north; it was set apart for Poseidon of Helicon by the joint will of the Ionians. Mykale is a western promontory of the mainland opposite Samos; the Ionians used to assemble there from their cities and keep the festival to which they gave the name of Panionia.
- Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
Herodotus, The Histories, Lydia (1.6.1 - 1.14.7)
- Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley)
The tomb of Thersander
Thersander too met his death at the hands of Telephus. He had shown himself the bravest Greek at the battle; his tomb, the stone in the open part of the market-place, is in the city Elaea on the way to the plain of the Caicus, and the natives say that they sacrifice to him as to a hero (Paus.9.5.14).
- Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Boeotia
Colonists from Azania to Phrygia
When his sons grew up, Arcas divided the land between them into three parts, and one district was named Azania after Azan; from Azania, it is said, settled the colonists who dwell about the cave in Phrygia called Steunos and the river Pencalas.
- Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
A town in Asia Minor near the mouth of the Scamander.
A city taken by Achilles.
A city, allied with Troy.
In Caria, salt-well at.
A town in the Chersonese of Thrace.
Alexandria (Alexandria Troas)
City of Troad.
In Caria, Herodutus' birthplace, a colony of Troezen, Artemisia, queen of, mausoleum at.
- Halikarnassos: Perseus Encyclopedia
Ancyra; city of Phrygia, captured by Gauls. Anchor; found by Midas at Ancyra.
- Antandros: Perseus Encyclopedia
City in Syria beside the Orontes.
- Antioch: Perseus Encyclopedia
A town near Cyzicus.
A town with a local cult of Athene, in the lands of Miletus.
- Assos: Perseus Encyclopedia
Old name of Nicomedia in Bithynia.
City opposite Lesbos, abandoned on account of gnats.
A town on the Hellespont, bridge there.
River Halys empties into, part of Media nearest to it, Sinope on the Euxine, provinces of the Persian empire on its coast, character of inhabitants of its northern shores, its length and breadth, islands in it, Tauric peninsula, relation of Euxine to Xerxes, bridge over the Hellespont, corn-ships from the Euxine.
Island, afterwards called Tenedos, old name of Tenedos.
On the Hellespont, its site compared with that of Byzantium, taken by Otanes, burnt by Phoenicians.
Grave of Memnon at, Pausanias at, sea-fights at, its length and breadth, despots of places by it with Darius' Scythian expedition, Darius' passage of it in his return, Hellespontian towns subdued by Ionian rebels, reconquered by Darius, Hellespont scourged by Xerxes for the destruction of his bridge, bridged again, Xerxes' passage, Hellespontians in his fleet, Persian governors of towns there, Greek decision not to sail to the Hellespont after Salamis, bridges there found broken, named after Helle, Herakles drives some of the kine of Geryon to the.
Country named after Dardanus.
A city built by Dardanus, on the Hellespont.
In land of Miletus, sanctuary and oracle of Apollo at, image of Apollo, altar made of blood of victims, temple apparently identical with Branchidae.
- Didyma: Perseus Encyclopedia
City, named after Ephesus, in Lydia, of Ionian origin, one of the most remarkable temples known to Herodotus, later city founded by Lysimachus, prosperity of Ephesus, river, spring, and mountain in land of E., temple of Artemis at E. the largest building in world, sanctuary of Ephesian goddess (Artemis) the largest and richest in Ionia, Amazons sacrifice to Ephesian goddess, statues of Conon and Timotheus in sanctuary of Ephesian goddess at Ephesus, quarter called Coresus at E., Ionians defeated there by Persians, terminus of "royal road", Xerxes' sons sent there after Salamis, the Cercopes at, Lysander defeats Athenian fleet at E., Croesus' offerings in the temple of Artemis there, Ephesus besieged by Croesus, Ephesians occupy Samos, but are afterwards expelled, dedicate statue of Lysander and other Spartans.
- Ephesus: Perseus Encyclopedia
Aeolian town in Achaea.
- Aegaeae: Perseus Encyclopedia
City of Aeolis, people of E. dedicate image of Zeus at Olympia.
Aeolian town in Asia Minor (Hrd. 1,149).
City in Chersonese sacred to Protesilaus.
- Aeolis: Perseus Encyclopedia
An Ionian town in Asia Minor, inhabited by a mixed population, sanctuary and image of Herakles at E, temple of Athena Polias at E, people of Parium, a colony from E, Erythraeans claim Herophile the Sibyl, set up statue at Olympia.
A Dorian town of Asia Minor, its part in the Greek settlement at Naucratis, spear of Achilles in sanctuary of Athena at.
City of Ionia, an Ionian seaport in Lydia, ancient temple of Athena at Phocaea, burnt by Persians, Phocaeans come to Asia from Phocis, found Massilia, recognise goddesses called Gennaides, taken by Achilles, Phocaean enterprise in the western Mediterranean, town captured by Persians, flight of Phocaeans to Corsica and their adventures there, Phocaeans at Naucratis, in the Ionian fleet against Darius.
Antiquity of the Phrygians proved by Psammetichus, their tribute to Persia, "Royal road" through Phrygia, exiled Paeonians settled there, Xerxes' route through Phrygia, Phrygians in Xerxes' army, their European origin, in Mardonius' army, Cybela in, Ilus in, watered by Maeander, Memnon's road in, Stectorium in, Hellespontine Phrygia, Phrygian flute, Phrygian marble, Phrygian music.
In the N.E. Aegean.
An Aeolian town in Asia Minor, grove of Apollo at.
On the Euxine, a colony of Megara, people of H. dedicate offerings at Olympia and Delphi.
Near Miletus (Paus. 5,1,5).
Borders on Aeolis, its fine climate, its unmatched sanctuaries, its dates, its games, its market-places, waters with noxious vapours inland from, expedition of sons of Codrus to, expedition of Athenians to, conquered by Medes.
Ιn the frontier of Lycia, Calyndians in Xerxes' fleet.
A town in the Thracian Chersonese (peninsula of Gallipoli), on Xerxes' line of march, destroyed by Lysimachus.
Miletus in, watered by Maeander, cities of C. shaken by earthquake and restored by emperor Antoninus.
Near Caria and Lycia, origin of its people, attacked and subdued by the Medes, participation in Ionian revolt against Darius.
City in Cilicia.
City of Phrygia, at the junction of the Marsyas and Maeander, on Xerxes' route.
In Caria (Paus. 6.13.3).
Traversed by the Halys, opposite Egypt, tribute to Persia, on the "royal road", Persian crossing from Cilicia to Cyprus, sailing thence of Datis' expedition, Cilicians in Xerxes' army, disparaged by Artemisia, by Mardonius, governed by Xenagoras, Typhon in, Corycian cave in, named after Cilix, Celenderis in.
An Aeolian town in Asia Minor.
Place in land of Colophon, sanctuary and oracle of Apollo at Klaros.
City of Ionia, its resistance to Alyattes, Clazomenian treasury at Delphi, taking of the town by Persians, taken by Achilles, baths at, Agamemnon worshipped at, Clazomenians set up statue of athlete at Olympia.
City in Caria, on the Triopian promontory, intersected by arm of sea, founded by Triopas, Conon defeats Lacedaemonian fleet at, a Dorian town, attempted restoration by Cnidians of a Tarentine exile.
An Ionian town in Lydia, taken by Gyges, Apaturia not celebrated at Colophon, civil strife there, taken by Achilles, contest of skill between Calchas and Mopsus at, destroyed by Lysimachus.
Town of Troad.
- Colonae: Perseus Encyclopedia
City, taken by Achilles, in Mysia, an Aeolian town, its consultation of an oracle as to surrender of a refugee, Cyme taken by the Persians, station of Xerxes' fleet after Salamis.
Name of Cyme in Mysia.
People of C. transfer Proconnesians to, fragrant oil of.
Ιn the Troad, on the Hellespont, its hostility to Miltiades, people of L., saved from wrath of Alexander by Anaximenes, they set up statue of Anaximenes at Olympia, they worship Priapus.
Laodicea ad Lycum
City of Phrygia.
In Caria; temple of a war-god there.
City of Ionia, destroyed by Lysimachus, its warm baths.
Most important region of lower Asia, Upper Lydia, offerings of kings of Lydia at Delphi, Lydians surnamed Persians, Lydians expelled by Ionians of Smyrna, Lydians claim to possess image of Tauric Artemis, Lydian birds, Lydian community, Lydian guides, Lydian music, Omphale, queen of.
- Lydia: Perseus Encyclopedia
City on isthmus of Thracian Chersonese, founded by Lysimachus, Seleucus murdered at.
Magnesia ad Maeandrum (Magnesia)
A town in Asia near the Maeander, taken by Medes, Polycrates put to death there by Oroetes, Magnesian tribute to Persia, on the Hermus, on the Lethaeus, beside Mount Sipylus, governed by Themistocles, bones of Themistocles brought from M. to Athens, Magnesians worship Leucophryenian Artemis, Magnesians help Bathycles to make throne of Apollo, Magnesian gate of Ephesus.
City of Ionia, founded by Miletus, son of Apollo, formerly called Anactoria, conquered by Ionians, ruined by Histiaeus, in Caria, attacked by Gyges, war with Alyattes, an Ionian town, agreement with Cyrus, port of Borystlienes a Milesian settlement, wealth and dissensions of Miletus, Aristagoras its governor, Milesians defeated by Persians in Ionic revolt, threatened attack of Miletus by Persians, siege, capture, and depopulation of the town, Phrynichus' drama on the subject, Persian fleet off Miletus, story of the Milesian and Glaucus, Miletus' foundation by Neleus, Milesians' desertion of the Persians at Mycale (See Aristagoras, Histiaeus), alluvial plain between Miletus and Priene, island of Lade off, Maeander falls into sea at, altar of Heliconian Zeus at, image of Apollo restored to Milesians by Seleucus.
A town in Caria; temple of Zeus there.
In Caria, a colony of Troezen.
An Ionian town in Caria, Ionian despots arrested at Myus, wrested from Carians by Ionians, its contingent in the Ionian fleet, abandoned on account of gnats.
District of Asia, Mysian plain mistaken by Greeks for Troy, Greeks under Agamemnon defeated in, town of Pioniae in, plagued by a wild boar, Mysians "brothers" of the Carians, their tribute to Persia, legendary Mysian and Teucrian invasion of Europe, Mysians in Xerxes' army, with Mardonius at Plataea, the Argonauts in, Herakles in, Teuthras, prince of, Auge and Telephus in, ravaged by the Greek army against Troy, allied with Troy, Gauls destroyed in.
(New Fort) an Aeolian town in Asia Minor.
City of Bithynia, called after Nicomedes, formerly named Astacus, temple of Aesculapius and sword of Memnon at, Nicomedians.
An Aeolian town in Asia Minor, Calchas buried at.
Mountain, Typhon at, in Asia, the nymphs and Dionysus at.
A river flowing through Sardis.
- Pactolus: Perseus Encyclopedia
A town at the head of the Thracian Chersonese.
An Ionian place of meeting for council or ceremonial, near Mycale, federal assembly of Ionians at, Ionians sacrifice at.
City on the Caicus, formerly called Teuthrania, seized by Philetaerus, sanctuary and worship of Aesculapius at, altar made of ashes of victims at, image of Apollo at, chamber of Attalus at, tomb of Auge at, iron heads of lion and boar at, picture of sacrifice of Polyxena at, Pythium at, spoils of Corinth at, tomb of Silenus at, sacrifices offered to Telephus, at, Pergamenians descended from Telephus and his Arcadians, their wars, have spoils taken from Gauls, their country formerly sacred to the Cabiri, worship Telesphorus.
A European town on the Propontis, its war with the Paeonians and conquest by the Persians, burnt by Phoenicians, successfully defended against Philip.
Captured by Gauls, Galatians of Pessinus abstain from swine, Attis goes to.
Town of Mysia.
- Pioniae: Perseus Encyclopedia
An Aeolian town in Mysia.
An Ionian town in Caria, city of Ionia, its population at war with Carians, wrested from Carians by Ionians, founded by Philotas and Aepytus, temple of Athena at, sea between Priene and Miletus turned into dry land by Maeander, Myron of Priene, prose writer, taken by Lydians, by Persians, its ships in the Ionian fleet.
A town on the Propontis, burnt by Phoenicians, people of Proconnesus transferred to Cyzicus.