Listed 4 sub titles with search on: Ancients' feasts, games and rituals
for destination: "PLATEES
Ancients' feasts, games and rituals (4)
Festivals for gods and gods' deeds
Daedala, Reconciliation of Hera to Zeus
Festival held by Plataeans, Great D., festival held by Boeotians.
On the occasion of a great victory
Eleutheria, (Battle of Platea, 479 BC)
Festival of Liberty with games, held every four years at Plataea, in memory of the battle.
- Perseus: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon
The feast of liberty; a festival which the Greeks, after the battle
of Plataea (B.C. 479), instituted in honour of Zeus Eleutherius (the deliverer).
It was intended not merely to be a token of their gratitude to the god, but also
as a bond of union among themselves; for, in an assembly of all the Greeks, Aristides
carried a decree that delegates from all the Greek States should assemble every
year at Plataea for the celebration of the Eleutheria. The town itself was at
the same time declared sacred and inviolable, as long as its citizens offered
the annual sacrifices which were then instituted on behalf of Greece. Every fifth
year these solemnities were celebrated with contests (agon ton Eleutherion) in
which the victors were rewarded with chaplets. The annual solemnity at Plataea,
which continued to be observed down to the time of Plutarch ( Arist.19 and 21),
was as follows: On the sixteenth of the month of Maemacterion, a procession, led
by a trumpeter, who blew the signal for battle, marched at daybreak through the
middle of the town. It was followed by wagons loaded with myrtle-boughs and chaplets,
by a black bull, and by free youths who carried the vessels containing the libations
for the dead. No slave was permitted to minister on this occasion. At the end
of this procession followed the archon of Plataea, who was not allowed at any
other time during his office to touch a weapon or to wear any other but white
garments, now wearing a purple tunic and with a sword in his hand, and also bearing
an urn, kept for this solemnity in the public archives (grammatophulakion). When
the procession came to the place where the Greeks who had fallen at Plataea were
buried, the archon first washed and anointed the tombstones, and then led the
bull to a pyre and sacrificed it, praying to Zeus and Hermes Chthonius, and inviting
the brave men who had fallen in the defence of their country to take part in the
banquet prepared for them.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Jan 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
In honour of the dead at Platea
All Greeks had left it to the Plateans’ care that they do every year the funeral rituals, at the altar of Zeus Eleutherius. Platea had been declared sacred after the battle with Athens’ suggestion.
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