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Listed 12 sub titles with search on: Sights for destination: "MYTILINI Town LESVOS".


Sights (12)

Castles, fortresses & fortifications

The Fortress of Mytilene

It is built on top of a pine-clad hill, near the port. It is one of the largest castles in the Mediterranean. Its construction started in around 483-565 AD and was completed during the years of the rule of the Genoese family of Gatelouzi (1355-1462). Ancient materials were used in the building. In 1373 small towers were built inside the castle by Francisco A’ Gatelouzo. In 1384, an earthquake destroyed it and it had to be reconstructed. Later it was fortified with new ramparts, dikes and cannons. The Turks took control of the Castle in 1462.
The palace of the Gatelouzi still stands, a square stone tower with an inlaid slab. The shapes on the slab show the coat of arms of the Gatelouzi and scenes from Roman duels. On the outer gate of the Castle, there is the coat of arms of the Paleologi. During the years of Ottoman rule, a seminary was built - the building is still preserved today - and other works took place. Under the castle there is a system of tunnels, which offered shelter to women and children during war and a cistern (capacity 4,000 m3). Today the castle is used for cultural events.

This text is cited Jan 2003 from the Prefecture of Lesvos URL below, which contains images.


Buildings

Mytilini Old City Hall

  The two-storied eclectic style building with the profound neoclassical elements, was built in 1900 by the City which financed it to house its offices.
  The old Municipality building, located at the city’s quay, housed the city’s services for many years. Today, the first floor hosts the City Council Assembly and a ceremonial hall, while the ground-floor houses the Library and halls for some of the City’s cultural activities.

This text is cited June 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below.


The Girls’ School of Mytilini

  It is a building of rectangular profile with a firm symmetry at the openings on both floors. Great emphasis is given to the main entrance’s decorations of stone-made neoclassical elements (pediments, columns, lintels, etc.). Particularly interesting is also the big wooden staircase inside.
  The building is located inside the city’s historical center. Its construction was financed by the local benefactor, Z.Vournazos, but the architect’s name remains unknown. The construction was completed in 1899 and since the building was inaugurated it has been serving as a school. Today, it houses the 4th Elementary School and the 2nd High School of Mytilini.

This text is cited June 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below.


First High School of Mytilini

  It is an impressive building of neoclassical architecture and a rectangular "U" ground-plan shape. It is three-story high and consists of the basement (auxiliary spaces), the ground-floor (classrooms) and the first floor (library and ceremonial room). The facade is covered by white marble.
  It was built between 1888 and 1890 by Argyris Adalis, a local architect, who had also worked as assistant to the German architects, Hansen and Ziller. Its construction was financed by the island’s benefactors, M.Mitrelias and Z.Vournazos. In 1912 it was used by the Greek liberating army.
  Today, the building houses the First High-School of Mytilene and attracts many visitors. It is located in the center of the city and is a touchstone for the local society.

This text is cited June 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below.


Tsarsi Hamam (Turkish bath) at Mytilene

  Tsarsi Hamam (in Turkish "tsarsi" means "market") is situated in the historical centre of Mytilene and constitutes part of the neighbouring Yeni Tzami complex. In the Turkish urban architecture, which continues the Byzantine urban habits, baths were the place used for the reception of strangers in town and constituted part of both the religious and social life of Islam.
  The building dates in the late Turkish rule. It has a linear order of its rooms, a feature that constitutes part of the general typology of Turkish baths, where the visitor is gradually led from the cold to the hot room. This typology is already known from ancient Greek and Roman baths.
  Since the beginning of 2000 restoration works have commenced in the building.

This text is cited June 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below, which also contains image.


Mosques

Yeni Tzami (Mosque) at Mytilene

  Yeni Tzami (Mosque) is located in the middle of an area that in the past constituted the Turkish market and which today is known as Epano Skala, in Mytilene. It was built by Naziri Moustafa Aga Koulaxizi in the third decade of the 19th century and constitutes the biggest as well as the most recent Islamic temple of the city.
  Its architectural type is based on that of an aisleless cruciform, with an upper floor in the north side. In its interior, parts of an initially rich mural decoration can still be seen.
  In summers the mosque functions as an exhibition place for the work of mainly Lesbians artists. Since 2000 restoration works have commenced in the monument which will go on throughout the year.

This text is cited June 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below, which also contains image.


Valide Tzami (Mosque) at Mytilene

  It is situated at Epano Skala, the old Turkish quarter of the city. The inscription plate mentions that the mosque was built in 1615 and thus it constitutes one of the oldest Islamic temples in Mytilene. It is built with stones and has one storey. A marble staircase (with three steps) led to the front yard that was paved with stones.
  In the middle of the front yard there was a multilateral fountain made of white marble and decorated with engraved arabesques. In its interior, the roof bore colourful decoration, which -after the Turks withdrawal - was covered with brown colour. The ornamentation of Mihrab (almost 6 m high) was made of plaster.

This text is cited June 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below, which also contains image.


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