Traditional Architecture & Yards
The relative delay of the tourist growth and the up to recently limited
reconstruction had as positive consequence the maintenance of the traditional
popular architecture of the place.
According to the researchers, with apropos facility samples of all
phases of development of the popular residence are located, via the centuries
mainly in the removed villages and the settlements of S.E. Limnos. Unfortunately,
in the last years the intense reconstruction bore important alterations with the
introduction of models of home manufacturing, especially in the tourist western
department of the island and the installations of foreigners with the architectural
deposit of Northern Aegean and more specifically with those of Limnos.
Common architectural type of home is the two-storied residence with
exterior stone scale, which shapes the "axata" (built balcony), in the front side
of the house. In the old days, the obvious stone of the stonemasonry and the roman
tile of the roof were incorporated absolutely in the environment chromatically
and morphologically as the villages are usually built in the interior of the island
in smooth slopes of hills, in cavities or in flat locations away from the sea.
The initial type of residence, the "loft", that is to say, a one-
room hovel, is still maintained in use as residence, but more usually, is incorporated
in the main two -floor house as barn or stable and with the built and roofed oven
they shape the sovereign type of popular residence in the villages of the island.
The lack of lime mortar in the island, compelled in solid and powerful
stonework, often with only conjunctive the mud with use of the abundant stone,
which depending on the place where the pit of the stones was being done, coloured
also the settlements either with tons of grey as in the region Kaspaka or with
reddish colour as in Limnos.
The insulation of the roof was ensured with the use of seaweed mixed
with mud and straw, on which the tiles were placed, fixed usually with stones
for protection by the powerful winds. The most characteristic samples of the precocious
phases of the popular architecture are found in the villages of south-eastern
but also in Katalako,
in Palio Pedino
and in the rural settlements, Agjo Alexandros, Vounohori, Aminiou, Komi and others,
in northern and north-eastern side of the island.
The common type of the two-storied house is met in all the villages
of Limnos with small differentiations. Interesting built-up aggregations constitute:
Kontias, with the stone houses scrambled in the abrupt rocks, the
windmills in the first entry of village and the row of trees with the platans
in the other. The rows of trees (mainly with mulberries) constituted characteristic
of the entries of the villages up to the recent widening of the streets. Impressive
row of trees meets someone in Tsjmandria, in Atsjki and in Varos.
with the marvellous provision of the well-built houses and its mansions, Kaspakas
with obvious the taste of craftsmen of stone, Katalakos with the exceptional view
and the absolute naturalness of the settlement and landscape, Thanos
and Platy in the
western Limnos which despite the pressures they suffer from the growth of tourism
they maintain their physiognomy, Portianou
and Varos with
obvious the traces of older seasons of prosperity, Moudros
with beautiful mansions and old commercial shops.
The visitor discovers interesting architectures and aggregations in
each village of the island as all of them have the same roughly typical provision
with the central square and the traditional cafes, they constitute the centre
of the resident's daily life. Separate and very important category of the folk
architecture of Limnos, constitute the "stone yards" that is to say the agricultural
cattle-breeding residences of the countryside that are found scattered, almost
in each hill in entire the island. The stone yard, is usually built in elevation
that creates a level space, next to a stepped from stones round threshing floor
and more seldom a well, paled with stone yard "xerotrahalo". It impresses, with
the extraordinary for a cattle-breeding installation quality of stonemasonry and
it is equipped with the elementary for the survival of the cattle-breeders and
their families, in the usually one-room house with fireplace that is placed in
a corner with the loggia for the accommodation of the sheep. In certain points
of the island, stone yards are assembled in small numbers, constituting in that
way small settlements that today most of which are abandoned but, show with unique
way, the simplicity and the ancient structure of the rural economy and life of
the island. It won't be hard for the visitor of Poliohni, to recognise the resemblances,
in the manufacture of the folk house and the stone yard, with the corresponding
manufactures of the precocious era of copper.
This text is cited March 2004 from the Municipality of Moudros URL below, which contains images.