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Listed  2  sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites
for destination:  "BASSAE , Ancient sanctuary , ILIA " .
Archaeological sites (2)
   Ancient sanctuaries (2)

Archaeological sites (2)

 Ancient sanctuaries
Temple of Epicurean Apollo
Page of Arcadia website
http://arcadia.ceid.upatras.gr/arkadia/archsites/x... (8 img.) Greek
The Temple of Epicurean Apollo
  The temple is situated on a slope of Mount Lykaeo and was designed by Iktinos, the architect of the Parthenon, during the Peloponnesean War at the end of the 5th century (410 B.C.) to thank god Apollo for his help and to induce him to banish evil from the area, when great famine had plagued the area. Iktinos' genius and his refusal to conform to the architectular norms made him combine the three ancient architectural styles in the most harmonious way; the doric with the outside pillars, the Ionian with the semipillars and the Corinthian with the two pillars for the north entrance and the two for the south. On the famous zoeforos of sculptor Alkamenous dear themes from mythology were reproduced, and it is placed in the niche of the temple on the top part of the semipillars which supported the top in contrast with the other temples.
  Until 555 A.D. the temple maintained its glamour when an earthquake and the spreading of Christianity led it to obscurity which was completed in the Byzantine Years. It was discovered by the French traveller BOUCHET in 1765 A.D. and it was immediately looted by foreign as well as Turkish smugglers of antiquities. The English Gropus in cooperation with Veli pasha, governor, then, of Morias, stripped the temple of all the archaeological remains in 1812. He sold those in auctions to the rich of the West like the Ionian zoeforos which was bought by the King of England, George the 4th.

This text is cited Jan 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.

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