KATAKALOS (Settlement) KARYSTIA
The tomb in the vicinity of Aliveri, dating from the Mycenaean period (16th-12th centuries B.C.), is the only tholos tomb in Euboea preserved in a good condition. The chamber, circular in plan, is built of unworked small stones, has a diameter of 5.60 m. at the basis, and a maximum preserved height of 4.70 m. The passageway of the entrance is 3.30 m. long; a relieving triangle is preserved over the lintel.
The monument was excavated in 1907 by G. Papavassileiou and was found almost empty as it had been plundered already in antiquity. Only a Mycenaean kylix was found inside the chamber. Sherds and bronze coins were also found during the clearing and restoration of the tomb. The vault, the lintel and the entrance of the tholos have been consolidated by the 11th Ephorate of Antiquities.
This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below.
KARYSTOS (Ancient city) EVIA
In Southern Evia, in the area between Karistos and Stira there are the green stone quarries which were famous from antiquity. This area was flourishing during the Roman times. Significant marble quarries can still be found near Milous at Kilindri where you can still see impressive monolithic columns which were abandoned there from the time that the quarries were in use. Their actual size is amazing - 12 metres long and 1,5 metres in diameter.
There are other similar quarries at Vatisi and Stira, Kapsala and Pirgari Niboriou. Also, a short distance form the quarries of Stira there is a road cut into a mountain slope where the marble was rolled down to the foot of the mountain. It was then transported in a wheeled vehicle to the harbour Nimborio where it was exported. The exportation of marble was a profitable business and Karistos became an important town. The green marble of Karistos has been used fro the construction of the temple of Zeus at Kirini (Lybia) fro the library of Andrianos in Athens, for the temple of Andonios and Fafstinas in Rome and Julius Caesar's house. Later, it was used for the church of Saint Dimitris and Achiropito in Thessaloniki and Saint Sophia and the church of Saint Apostoloi in Constantinople.
This text (extract) is cited May 2003 from the Prefecture of Evia tourist pamphlet (1997).
Periods: Dark Age, Geometric, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Modern
Type: Port city
Summary: Main city state of southern Euboea.
The modern town of Karystos, built in the 19th century A.D., is located on the N shore of the large Karystos Bay, at the S base of Mt. Ochi. The definite location of the ancient city has not been determined by excavation. Recent topographical research, however, indicates that the earliest city, of the Geometric and Archaic periods, was situated just north of the Plakari Ridge at the NW edge of the bay. During the Hellenistic and later periods the city of Karystos was centered at modern Paliochora, 3 km N of the modern town. The exact date and reasons for the transfer of the ancient city from Plakari to Paliochora remains unknown. The harbor of post-Archaic Karystos was probably located at the small bay of Geraistos, ca. 14 km to the E of Paliochora.
Karystos was listed in the Homeric Catalog of Ships and the nearby Sanctuary of Poseidon at the harbor of Geraistos was recorded by Homer as the first safe stopping place for the ships returning from the Trojan War. Very little is known, however, about the early history of the Karystia. Karystos is strategically located at the S entrance to the Euripos Channel and it was a major objective of the first Persian advance in 490 B.C. In contrast to the other Greek islands and states along the Persian route, however, Karystos did not submit to the Persians without a fight. The Persians easily defeated the Karystians and in 490 B.C. In 480, when the Persians returned the second time, Karystos surrendered without a battle. After the defeat of the Persians on the mainland, Athens forced Karystos into the Delian League, seized the Karystian port at Geraistos, and probably imposed an Athenian clerouchy on the territory. With the exception of a short period of Spartan influence in Euboea at the end of the 5th century B.C., Karystos remained first subject to and then allied with Athens until Greece became a part of the Macedonian empire after 322 B.C. Karystos, due largely to its important maritime location and in part to its natural resources, remained prosperous throughout the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
G. Papavasileiou carried out minor excavations in 1903-1910. A long-term Canadian survey and excavation project began in 1984.
Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
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