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Listed 8 sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites  for wider area of: "NESTANI Village MANTINIA" .

Archaeological sites (8)

Ancient acropoles

Gortsouli hill

  Κοντά στον αρχαιολογικό χώρο της αρχαίας Μαντινείας βρίσκεται λόφος χαρακτηριστικού σχήματος, ο λόφος Γκορτσούλι και ο αρχαιολογικός του χώρος. Στούς πρόποδες του λόφου υπάρχει μικρός οικισμός, ενώ ένας χωμάτινος δρόμος οδηγεί στην κορυφή του. Σύμφωνα με τους αρχαιολόγους στη θέση αυτή υπήρχε εκτεταμένος οικισμός και ακρόπολη των Πρωτοελλαδικών χρόνων. Στους αρχαϊκούς χρόνους η πόλη μεταφέρθηκε στον επίπεδο χώρο, δηλαδή στη θέση του αρχαιολογικού χώρου της αρχαίας Μαντινείας. Στην κορυφή του λόφου, όπου και ο ναός της Ζωοδόχου Πηγής, βρέθηκαν σε ανασκαφές του Θ. Σπυρόπουλου μυκηναϊκά όστρακα και ένα ναϊκό κτίσμα ορθογωνίου σχήματος στο εσωτερικό του οποίου αποκαλύφθηκαν πολλοί σφαιρικοί αρύβαλλοι και άλλα ευρήματα των όψιμων αρχαϊκών χρόνων. Λείψανα ναϊκού κτίσματος ανακαλύφθηκαν επίσης και στον κοντινό λόφο Τριπήχι, όπου βρέθηκαν χαρακτηριστικά λατρευτικά πήλινα εδώλια κάποιας θεότητας, τα οποία εκτίθενται στο Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Τρίπολης.

Το κείμενο παρατίθεται τον Μάρτιο 2003 από την ακόλουθη ιστοσελίδα, με φωτογραφία, του ARCADIA website, του Πανεπιστημίου Πατρών

Ancient sanctuaries

Sanctuary of Poseidon Ippios (Horse)


Ancient theatres

Ancient theatre of Mantinia


Ancient towns



  A Stoa at the South of agora, the seat of the local Boule (parliament) founded during 4th century BC. Wooden benchy along the walls provided for seating.
  Initially, the edifice had an "U" shaped plan, comprising three wings and a colonnade opening to the Agora. At the turn of 4th to 3rd century BC a second stoa was added at a lower level to the south connected to the older one through stairways. A room built at the east side during 2nd century AD most probably was dedicated to the worship or to man emperors.
  The use of the building for civic purpose rests on several inscriptions of a political nature (that where) found in or near it. The bouleuterion at Mantineia is a rare example of a stoa used for housing an assembly.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Foundation of the Hellenic World URL below.

Perseus Site Catalog


Region: Arcadia
Periods: Geometric, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman
Type: Fortified city
Summary: A rival of Tegea as the most important Arkadian city.

Physical Description:
    Located ca. 12 km NE of modern Tripolis on the upland plain, Mantinea occupied the area of 5 smaller villages that had synoicized at an uncertain date (cf. Tegea). The oldest section of the city was centered on the Gortsouli (ancient Ptolis) hill. In the 4th century B.C. the city was rebuilt and new city walls, ca. 4 km in length, were built with over 100 towers and 9 or 10 gates. The course of the river Ophis was altered to provide additional defense. The city walls are among the best fortifications of Classical Greece and may have been designed by the same Thebian engineer who planned the walls of Messene. The city had a Temple of Hera and a colonnaded agora with a theater at its W end.
Already mentioned in Homer's Iliad, Mantinea of the Classical period was a synoicism of 5 smaller villages. It was one of the most important of Arkadian cities and a rival of Tegea. Mantinea was allied with Sparta until the Peloponnesian War when it sided with Athens. In 385 B.C. Sparta destroyed Mantinea and dispersed the inhabitants. In 371 B.C. the city was rebuilt with new fortification walls and repopulated. In 370 B.C. Lykomedes of Mantinea instigated the foundation of the Arkadian League, but in 364 the city left the league to form a new alliance with Sparta. In 222 B.C. the city revolted against Macedonian control and suffered destruction by Antigonos Doson, who then rebuilt the city and renamed it Antigoneia, a name that it retained until the 2nd century A.D.
Excavations by the French School directed by G. Fougeres and V. Berard in 1887-1889.

Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 8 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

You are able to search for more information in greater and/or surrounding areas by choosing one of the titles below and clicking on "more".

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