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Listed 16 sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites  for wider area of: "LACONIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS" .


Archaeological sites (16)

Ancient acropoles

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA

Ancient sanctuaries

Sanctuary of Leonidas

  A replica of a temple (5th century B.C.). This monument of Leonidas contains the bones of the hero of Thermopylai; it lies to the north of the modern town.

This extract is cited Apr 2003 from the Laconian Professionals URL below, which contains image.


Temple of Poseidon of Tenarios & Gate of Hades

TAINARON (Cape) ANATOLIKI MANI

Ancient theatres

GYTHIO (Town) LACONIA
  In the Northern part of Gythio, near the entrance of the city there is the theatre, which is the most important edifice of the Roman Age. (It was renovated during those times). The auditorium , which is divided in four parts is well preserved. You can also see the foundations of the first stage wall dated back to the early AD years.
  South -east of the theatre there was an ancient agora. Above the theatre, on the top of the 50m hill the Acropolis was situated. Today the remains of its walls are distinguishable. Here there were the temple of Athena and the Gates of Castorides as well as an aqueduct the ruins of which are still preserved.

This text is cited Apr 2003 from the Laconian Professionals URL below, which contains images.


The ancient theater of Sparta

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
  The ancient theater is located on the south slope of the Spartan Acropolis. It was re-built during the Post-Hellenistic period (1st century B.C), and it more then likely replaced an older wooden theater (2nd century B.C). It is a huge public structure, supported by two large walls. Based on its space availability, it is assumed that it entertained as many as 16,000 guests per performance. The center and the stage were composed of white marble while the walls were composed of limestone (which blends better with the environment). At the upper peripherals of the center is the colonnade, where the audience would seek refuge from the rain.
  There where 48 sitting rows (9 in the lower and 18 in the upper frieze). The entrance was located on the east side of the theater, where today we can see the remains of a magnificent staircase leading to the frieze. The audience could also enter the theater from the top or from Athena's Copper Temple.
  The stage underwent several changes. Originally it must have been wooden because at its western alley we find a brick storage space which was mainly used in the winter. The wood was probably replaced during the second century B.C., during the theater's reconstruction.
  Today, the ancient theater which is no longer in good condition is covered by the time's embankment. Only a very small portion of it has been excavated: the orchestra, the stage and few other sections above the center. We all await the excavation's continuation and long for the theater's restoration, even if it is only partial.

This text is cited Apr 2003 from the Laconian Professionals URL below, which contains images.


Ancient tombs

ARNA (Village) FARIDA
There was found a Mycenaean vaulted tomb at the place Arkina near the village. It probably belonged to the Mynians or the Boeotians who set out from Boeotia and invaded Sparta. What is more, findings of all ages, and especially earthen pots, were found in several places at «Spartias», between Arna and Arkina. It turns out from these findings that this place had always been a junction of the road that led from Sparta to Messenia..

Royal Mycenean Tombs

PELLANA (Mycenean settlement) PELANA

Tomb

VAFIO (Settlement) SPARTI
  About 8 miles south of Sparta one can find the Vafio hill. Excavations brought to light a Mycenaean behive tomb containing splendid gold and silver artifacts, some of which are exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Athens.
  This is one of the most important archaeological discoveries in Greece. The findings from Vafio, underline the significance of the region in the post - Hellenic Mycenaean years.
  The Mycenaean vaulted tomb of Vafion, constructed from small, chiseled stones, has been the subject of many archaeological project and has acquired international fame because of the two golden cups found inside. These cups, bearing depictions of wild bull hunting, can be seen at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, and even though the location of the palace of Mycenaean Sparta has not been identified, they constitute irrefutable evidence of the prosperity and development of the region much earlier than 1000 B.C. The region's significance has been corroborated by the discovery of Mycenaean graves in the location: "Spilakia".

This text is cited Apr 2003 from the Laconian Professionals URL below, which contains images.


Ancient towns

Sparti

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA

Buildings

PYRRICHOS (Ancient city) ANATOLIKI MANI
There are remains of buildings and there have been found tomb inscriptions and the body of a woman's statue.

Caves

Perseus Site Catalog

Sparta

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Region: Laconia
Periods: Dark Age, Geometric, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman
Type: Unfortified city
Summary: One of the major Classical city-states of ancient Greece.

Physical Description:
   
Located ca. 50 km inland on the wide and fertile plain of the Eurotas valley, Sparta is almost completely surrounded by major mountain ranges. In contrast to other ancient Greek cities, Sparta was not a compact fortified city-state center with monumental civic and religious buildings. It was a loose collection of smaller villages spaced over a large rural area and 6 low hills (cf. Thuc. 1.10.2). The highest of these knolls (ca. 25 m) served as the acropolis and location for the Temple of Athena Chalkioikos. In the Hellenistic period a theater, stoa and agora were built near the acropolis, but the Temple of Athena and the earlier remains at the Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia on the W bank of the Eurotas are almost the only archaeological remains from Archaic and Classical Sparta. The location and the militaristic character of early Sparta made city walls unnecessary, but as Spartan power weakened construction of fortification walls began (in 307 B.C.). The 10 km long circuit wall was completed in 184 B.C.
Description:
   
The location of Homeric Sparta is uncertain, and historical Sparta was traditionally a Dorian foundation of the 10th century B.C. By the 7th century B.C. Sparta had conquered all of Laconia and Messenia and by the 6th century all of the central and SW Peloponnese was under direct Spartan control. In the 5th century B.C. Sparta had control of the Peloponnesian League and in 405 B.C. defeated Athens. The reversal of Spartan power, however, began with their defeat by Thebes in 371 B.C. In 369 B.C. Messenia was liberated and by 195 B.C. Sparta had lost all of its political dependencies. Under the Romans, Sparta enjoyed a degree of prosperity, in part, because of Roman admiration of the Spartan tradition of discipline. The Romans revived the ancient initiation rites for Spartan youths at the Sanctuary of Artemis, but in a debased touristic manner in which the Spartan youths were flogged in an amphitheater constructed around the altar of Artemis. Sparta survived the Herulian invasions of 267 A.D., but was devastated by the Goths in 395 A.D. and finally abandoned.
Exploration:
    Early excavations by C. Waldstein of the American School in 1892-1893. Excavations by the British School in 1906-1910, 1924-1928 and 1949. Beginning in 1957 C. Christou has carried out excavations and rescue operations in the area of the modern city for the Greek Service.

Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 27 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Prehistoric settlements

AGIOS GEORGIOS (Village) VOION
A whole prehistoric town was found in 1968 between the sea and the Stroggyli Limni as well as in the sea, up to the Pavlopetri island, by the University of Cambridge.

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