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Listed 3 sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites  for wider area of: "HERAION Ancient sanctuary CAMPANIA" .

Archaeological sites (3)

Perseus Building Catalog

Foce del Sele, Temple of Hera

HERAION (Ancient sanctuary) CAMPANIA
Site: Foce del Sele
Type: Temple
Summary: Octastyle temple in an archaic santuary devoted to Argive Hera.
Date: Unknown

An octastyle temple with 17 columns on the long sides. The stereobyte is presevered to its original height in some places. Following Ionic usage, the axes of the cella walls are alligned with those of the corresponding columns of the peristasis. A pronoas, noas, and adyton compose the cella, and the lateral walls had columns instead of antae. The pteroma widens greatly on the east side, equaling the dimensions of the three interaxials.

The temple was erected towards the end of the 6th century B.C. An earthquake, perhaps in 63 A.D., probably destroyed the temple. The eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D. buried the Heraion complex and by the 4th century A.D. all traces of activity have disppeared.

Other Notes:
Unstable terrain dictated the placement of four courses under the peristasis and two under the cella.The columns are sandstone conglomerate, all with eighteen flutes, to which correspond two groups of capitals, diverse in profile. A multiple molding crowned the architrave and the moldings of the external face bear plastic decoration composed of Lesbian leaves, egg and dart, and bead and reel. Multiple molding bearing, from top to bottom, a Lesbian leaf, an Ionic leaf, and a small cyma reversa formed the normal Doric gesion above the frieze. The temple was entered by means of a ramp abutting the crepidoma on the east front and the altar is situated 34.1 m from this front.

Lisa M. Cerrato, ed.
This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 8 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

Foce del Sele, Treasury

Site: Foce del Sele
Type: Treasury
Summary: Treasury building attributed to the Sybarites.
Date: 570 B.C. - 550 B.C.
Period: Archaic

The remains of the naos are the end wall to the west and the long walls to a maximum height of four courses. There is no trace of a pronaos or a wall between pronaos and naos. Reconstruction remains largely hypothetical.

The erection of the treasury has been attributed to the Sybarites, and its incompleteness to the destruction of their city.

Other Notes:
Of thirty-eight metopes belonging to the treasury, three are illegible.

Lisa M. Cerrato, ed.
This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

Perseus Site Catalog

Foce del Sele

Region: Lucania
Periods: Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic
Type: Sanctuary
Summary: Sanctuary dedicated to Argive Hera.

Physical Description:
Located at the mouth of the Sele river, ca. 10 km north of Paestum, the Heraion was a small sanctuary with a temple of Hera, two monumental altars, a treasury, and surrounding stoas.
Traditionally said to have been founded by Jason, the leader of the Argonauts, the sanctuary was established by Greek colonists in the 7th century B.C. The Heraion flourished in the Archaic period, but was less active in the 5th and 4th centuries B.C. In the Hellenistic period the site again rose to prominence. During the Roman period the Heraion declined in importance and, following earthquake damage and the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, it fell into disuse. In the Christian period it became a quarry for building stone. The location of the sanctuary was forgotten until it was rediscovered in 1934.

Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 24 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

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