The village is named after "Pitys" (meaning "pine"
in Ancient Greek), thus testifying its antiquity. Besides, one of the names of
Chios island during Antiquity was "Pityousa" (meaning "the one
who has pines"). The modern village of Pityos is quite small and is mainly
inhabited by cattle raisers and a few farmers. The village administratively belongs
to Municipality of Kardamyla and lies in the middle of the road connecting the
(21st km) and the highway Chios
(20th km). It is built in a plateau of the mountainside of mount Oros, in a unique
environment that combines the mountain and the plain. There are an old Byzantine
tower, a windmill and a few churches. You can stay in a newly constructed hostel,
a renovated old stone edifice, and you can also enjoy local meat and local mezedes
at the tavern of the village.