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Listed 2 sub titles with search on: Places of worship for destination: "PYLI Small town TRIKALA".


Places of worship (2)

Churches

Monastery of Megales Pyles (Porta Panagia)

Tel: +30 24340 22420, 23180

  The Holy church of Porta Panagia, was the church of the Monastery of "Great Entrances" (Megalon Pylon). It lies on the bank of the river "Portaikos" in the north of "Pylis" Municipality in the community "Porta".
  In the Porta-Panagia both centre bay and cross arms are pulled together by one single transverse barrel vault, high up. The church was built by sebastokrator John - Angel Duke Komnenos in 1283. The exonarthex belongs to the type of domed octagon, the iconostasis is decorated with mosaic icons of Christ and Virgin placed in an inverse position (1283 - 1289). The remained frescoes both in the nave and the narthex date to 18th century.
  Restoration works have been done in the church. While works of fixing and restoration were taking place in the monastery, excavations on the floor of the church brought to surface the first floor and plenty architectural parts of the ancient temple in second use.
  Nowadays it is used both as a church and archaeological site to be visited.


  Opposite to Pyli, in the settlement of Porta-Panagia it is the famous homonymous Byzantine temple, which in the old days constituted the catholic of the abbey which was under the Patriarch's jurisdiction and carried the name of the Impregnable Virgin Mary. This was destroyed during the Ottoman domination. The temple was built in 1283 by Ioannis Aggelos Komninos Doukas, illegitimate son of the despot of Ipirus Micheal Douka the 2nd.
  It is consisted of the main temple and the ulterior (at others previous) forth-narthex.
  The Abbey of the Big Portal that also included the temple of Porta Panagia, in the Byzantine years was a rich abbey under the Patriarch's jurisdiction (that is to say depended directly on the Patriarch) with a lot of properties, which, when the abbey was destroyed in the years of the Ottoman domination, were given to the residents of the neighbouring Pyli, while the temple with a letter in 1843, devolved to the property of the Abbey of Dousikos. The temple of Porta Panagia, is a cross-roofed three-aisle royal that has been built on an ancient temple. This is testified by the pillars that are found in the area round the temple, as well as by the existence of many architectural members either fixture or collected occasionally, that today are kept in the temple. This temple follows the same architectural type with the temple of Κato Panagia, in Arta.
  Westwards of the temple, there is a wide forth-narthex that follows the type of the registered cruciform with dome and is dated in the dues of the 14th century. The temple beyond the bizarre architecture has also to present rich sculpture, mosaic and written decor that unfortunately were destroyed by the fire of 1855. From the sculptural decor fragmentarily capitals were saved, which turned the pillars and part of the marble temple to the Prothesis and the central aisle. From the mosaic decor were saved - the unique in the Hellenic area so much for the technique and the style as for their bizarre inverted position - mosaic pictures of Christ and Virgin Mary.
  The professor Anastasios Orlandos places their manufacture in 1285, hε connects them with the mosaics of the dome of the abbey of Parigoritjssa in Arta and in particular, he attributes them in the same craftsman. From the iconographic decor, remarkable is the mural that covers the semicircular niche, in the SW corner of the main temple, where the proprietor of the abbey Ioannis Doukas is portrayed that an angel leads him to the protector of the abbey, Virgin Mary. It is one of the most infrequent portraits of the Komnenians.
  The last excavational research brought into light the grave of Ioannis Doukas - unfortunately despoilt. The same excavational research, which was made in the context of the LEADER program for the restoration of the abbey, brought also in the light parts of the initial marble temple, parts of the ancient inscribed columns, all of which constituting the second flooring of the abbey, of course in second use. Also the base of the initial stone pulpit came into light and the marble pillar that supported the High Altar, while segmentally the initial marble flooring of temple was revealed.
  Finally, interesting are also the murals that are saved in the Chancel which are placed in the 13th century. The mural in the arch of the central declinable, those next to the window of the southern and the western side of the temple, are mainly dated in the 18th century just like those of the splint - to which unfortunately the fire of 1980, incurred irreparable damage.

This text is cited Nov 2003 from the Municipality of Pyli URL below, which contains images.


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