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Location information

Listed 12 sub titles with search on: Location characteristics  for wider area of: "KEFALLINIA Prefecture IONIAN ISLANDS" .

Location characteristics (12)

Carst lands

Exceptional locations

Listed Traditional Settlements

Natural-geological phenomena



A very interesting geological phenomenon which for centuries remained unexplained. These are underground tunnels which are penetrated by seawater in the Argostoli area. They subsequently go under the seabed, passing underground beneath the mountains of the island, where the seawater mingles with rainwater and ends up in Sami in the eastern part of the island. In 1963 Austrian geologists assisted in understanding the phenomenon with the help of a large quantity of dye.

This text is cited December 2004 from the Ionian Islands Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains image



Today it is just a large rock projecting from the sea. It is called Kounopetra because until the 1953 earthquakes it used to move rhythmically, making it a unique geological phenomenon. After the earthquake, displacement of sections of the seabed stabilised the base of Kounopetra, which accordingly ceased to move.

Place constantly inhabited since 6000 BC

Seismic areas


The living treasure of Cephalonian nature

  The wetlands, Koutavo lagoon and Livadi swamp are the intermediate station to the migratory journey of many birds. The visitor at the wetlands will also see swamp-turtles and other species of reptiles.
  The mediterranean seal Monachus-monachus is often seen in the numerous caves at the northern part of the island.
  The sea-turtle Caretta-caretta prefers the sandy beaches at Potamakia, near Skala as well as the beaches of Xi and Megas Lakos in Palliki.
  Caretta-caretta lays its eggs there during the night from June to August digging a pit to hide them. The eggs are incubated on their own in the hot sand and 55 days later the baby turtles hatch out breaking the shell and head all together towards the sea beginning the great adventure of life.
This text (extract) is cited January 2004 from the Assoc. of Local Authorities of Kefalonia & Ithaca tourist pamphlet.


  Popular architecture is extremely interesting in Cephalonia. Influences from Western Europe as well as various transformed elements from the mainland of Greece compose the character of Cephalonian architecture.
  The traditional houses in Cephalonia usually have two floors, with an outdoor flight of stairs built of stone. The main and auxiliary rooms are spacious and special care has been given to the decoration.
  Nowadays, very few samples of traditional architecture can be seen since most houses were destroyed by the earthquakes in 1953.
  However those still existing today are exceptionally beautiful and exude the inhabitants’ gentility and the builders’ craftsmanship.
This text (extract) is cited January 2004 from the Assoc. of Local Authorities of Kefalonia & Ithaca tourist pamphlet.

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