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Listed 13 sub titles with search on: Biographies  for wider area of: "RETHYMNO Prefecture CRETE" .

Biographies (13)



Chatzidakis Ioannis

, , 1844 - 1921


Nikos Xylouris

, , 7/7/1936 - 8/2/1980


Amiton, of Eleutherae in Crete, is said to have been the first person who sung to the lyre amatory poems. His descendants were called Amitores (Amitores) (Athen. xiv.). There seems some corruption in the text of Athenaeus, as the two names Amiton and Amitores do not correspond. Instead of the former we ought perhaps to read Ametor.

Koumentakis Giorgos

  Giorgos Koumendakis was born in Rethymnon (Crete) in 1959. At the age of 15 he started composing.
  He has composed more than 60 pieces, for orchestra, chamber music, chamber orchestra, operas, oratorios and for ancient tragedies and his music has been performed in more than 300 concerts internationally.
He has participated in many international festivals:
Bienale of Venice 1985 (Teatro la Fenice)
Epidaurus Festival 1981, 1984, 1989, 1996 (Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus)
Athens Festival 1988, 1989
European Year of Music 1985 (Asolo, Bolzano, Luxembourg) Commission by the European Community Youth Orchestra. His selection was made by G. Ligeti
World Music Days Festival: 1987 Germany, 1988 Hong Kong, 1990 Oslo
Festival de la Musique Grecque (Centre Georges Pompidou-Paris 1981)
Midem-International Festival in Cannes 1987
Frankfurt Feste 1987
IV Festival di Musica Contemporanea, Naples 1987
Semaines Musicales Internationales d' Orleans 1987
Week of Greek Music in London (Purcell Room) 1989
Middelburg Festival Holland 1990
Lecce Festival 1992
"Tage fur Neue Musik" Festival Zurich 1992
"Presences 92", Radio France, Paris 1992
Conferenza Musicale Mediterranea, Palermo, 1992, 1997
New Musica 4, London, 1994
Argos Festival: 1995, 1996, 1997
Thessaloniki European Cultural Capital, 1997
Greece in Britain, 1998 (London - Purcell Room, Oxford - Sheldonian Theater)
Kalamata International Dance Festival, 1998
Aix en Provence Festival, 1998, Commissioned by the French Ministry of Culture (Theatre de l' Archeveche)
  His works have been performed - among others - by Quattor Leonardo, ENSEMBLE INTERCONTEMPORAIN, European Community Youth Orchestra, Oslo Sinfonietta, Oslo Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Divertimento Ensemble, Xenakis Ensemble, Hong Kong Ensemble, Arraymusik Ensemble, New Greek Quattor, La Camerata (Athens Megaron) Friends of Music Orchestra, Actis, Alea III, Accademia Musicale Siciliana, Orchestre des Jeunes de la Mediterranee, Composer's Ensemble, The City of Oxford Orchestra and have been conducted among others, by Arturo Tamayo, Gunther Schuller, Diego Masson, James Judd, Mathias Bamert, Ingo Metzmacher, Sandro Gorli, Olivier Cuendet, Christian Eggen, Stefan Skold, Henry Kucharzyk, Miltos Logiades, Gaetano Colajanni, Nikos Tsouchlos.
In 1979 he represented Greece at the Unesco International Forum for Composers (Paris).
  He has collaborated on six occasions with the Dance Company "OMADA EDAFOUS".
  Since 1994 he works with "Studio 19", trying to adapt new technologies in music production.
  He has been given 4 commissions from the Athens Megaron.
  In 1998 was performed at the Athens Megaron ("Friends of Music" Hall) his work "Missa Harmoniae Verbi" for 4 soloists, choir, string quartet and orchestra, conducted by Alex. Myrat.
  His work "Petit Concerto pour Piano et 7 Instruments" will be performed, as compulsory piece, at the Competition "Dimitris Mitropoulos" 1998, for young conductors.
  Giorgos Koumendakis has been awarded the "Prix de Rome" and he was a composer "pensionaire" for 1993 in Villa Medicis, Rome.
  In 1994 he was awarded the "Nikos Kazantzakis Price".
  5 CD with his works have been released. A new CD is under release with Aris Christofellis and the "Chromaton Orchestra".
  Recently he has been appointed "Composer in Residence" for the Hellenic Concert Series in London and he will compose 3 works, over the next two years, which were commissioned for Clio Gould and the "BT Scottish Ensemble", with generous support from the "Michael Marks Charitable Trust".

This text is cited Mar 2003 from the Friends of Music Society "Lilian Voudouri" URL below, which contains image.


Georgios Chortatzis


Rhianus, Rhianos

VINI (Ancient city) KOULOUKONA
, , 276 - 196
Rhianus, (Rhianos) of Crete. A distinguished Alexandrian poet and grammarian, who flourished in B.C. 222. Some of his epigrams are present in the Greek Anthology. His remains are edited by Saal (Bonn, 1831).

  Before I wrote the history of the war and all the sufferings and actions that heaven prepared in it for both sides, I wished to reach a decision regarding the age of a certain Messenian. This war was fought between the Lacedaemonians with their allies and the Messenians with their supporters, but received its name not from the invaders like the Persian and Peloponnesian wars, but was called Messenian from their disasters, just as the name Trojan war, rather than Greek, came to be universally applied to the war at Troy. An account of this war of the Messenians has been given by Rhianus of Bene in his epic, and by Myron of Priene. Myron's history is in prose. Neither writer achieved a complete and continuous account of the whole war from its beginning to the end, but only of the part which each selected: Myron narrated the capture of Ampheia and subsequent events down to the death of Aristodemus; Rhianus did not touch this first war at all. He described the events that in time befell the Messenians after their revolt from the Lacedaemonians, not indeed the whole of them, but those subsequent to the battle which they fought at the Great Trench, as it is called. The Messenian, Aristomenes, on whose account I have made my whole mention of Rhianus and Myron, was the man who first and foremost raised the name of Messene to renown. He was introduced by Myron into his history, while to Rhianus in his epic Aristomenes is as great a man as is the Achilles of the Iliad to Homer. As their statements differ so widely, it remained for me to adopt one or other of the accounts, but not both together, and Rhianus appeared to me to have given the more probable account as to the age of Aristomenes. (Paus. 4.6.1)
Commentary: Rhianus of Bene in Crete was of the third century B.C., a Homeric scholar and the author of various works of a mythological and quasi-historical character. Besides his Messeniaca, largely used by the author in the present account, we hear of his Heracleia, Achaica, Eliaca, and Thessalica.

This extract is from: Pausanias. Description of Greece (ed. W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., & H.A. Ormerod, 1918). Cited Oct 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Markos Musuros

  A learned Greek humanist, born 1470 at Retimo, Crete; died 1517 at Rome. The son of a rich merchant, he went, when quite young, to Italy, where he studied Greek at Florence, under the celebrated John Lascaris, whom he afterwards almost equalled in classical scholarship. In 1503 he became professor of Greek at Padua, where he taught with great success. Later at Venice, he lectured on Greek, at the expense of the republic, and became a member of the Aldine Academy of Hellenists.
  Musuros rendered valuable assistance to Aldus Manutius in the preparation of the earliest printed editions of the Greek authors, and his handwriting formed the model of Aldus's Greek type. He contributed greatly in giving to the Aldine editions the accuracy that made them famous, while his reputation as a teacher was such that pupils came from all countries to hear him lecture. Erasmus, who had attended his lectures at Padua, testifies to his wonderful knowledge of Latin. To his profound scholarship the editions of Aristophanes, Plato, Pindar, Hesychinus, Athenaeus, and Pausanias owed their critical correctness.
  In 1499 he edited the first Latin and Greek lexicon, “Etymologicum Magnum”, printed by Zacharias Callierges of Crete. In 1516 he was invited by Leo X to Rome, where he lectured in the pope's gymnasium and established a Greek printing-press. In recognition of the beautiful Greek poem prefixed to the editio princeps of Plato, Pope Leo appointed him Bishop of Malvasia (Monemvasia) in the Morea, but Musuros died before starting for his distant diocese.
  Besides numerous editions of different authors he wrote several Greek epigrams which with the elegy on Plato published in the Aldine edition (Venice, 1513) are about his only extant writings.

Edmund Burke, ed.
Transcribed by: Douglas J. Potter
This text is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.


Parren Kalliroe

, , 1859 - 1940
She was the first Greek feminist.

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