Listed 12 sub titles with search on: History
for destination: "KEFALLONIA
Myth and Prehistory
The island takes its name from the mythical hero Kefalos, who arrived
there disconsolate after killing his wife by mistake. The island was his reward
for aiding the king Amfitryon in his struggle against the mythical Tileboans and
Tafians. Excavation finds around Fiskardo
have led to the conclusion that the island was inhabited since Paleolithic times.
The island had already developed an important civilization by the time of the
Trojan War. This is clear from Homer's comments in the Odyssey.
The Ancient World
In this period the island was divided into four cities: Sami,
and Pronnoi. They defended
against the Persian invasions together with other Greeks during the Spartan Wars.
They became divided during the Peloponnesian War. Pali supported the Corinthians
while Krani allied itself with Athens. The island was conquered by the Romans
in 187 BC. At the beginning of the 2nd century AD, Hadrian gave Kefalonia to Athens.
During the Byzantine years, Kefalonia headed the broader administrative
region of Kefalonia.
All this time, up to the Venetian conquest in 1500, Kefalonia suffered from barbarian
and pirate raids and a succession of conquerors. After the conquest of the island
by the Venetians, it became a famous transit and commercial station and enjoyed
a period of prosperity.
The French and the Ionian State
After the defeat of the Venetians and dissolution of the Venetian
Republic, the islands were decisively taken over by the French, under the Treaty
of Kamboformio in 1797. The people of Kefalonia welcomed the new government with
relief. Then the defeat and destruction of the French fleet by the united Russo-Turkish
fleet temporarily interrupted French dominance over the island. With the Treaty
of 1800 the «Ionian Republic» was established as an autonomous region under the
suzerainty of the Sultan. There followed the second French period, with the cession
of the islands to Napoleon by the Russian czar. This didn't last long as the British
occupied the islands two years later.
Together with the other Ionian Islands, Kefalonia also actively participated
in organizing and conducting the Greek revolution of 1821, culminating with the
participation of Kefalonian revolutionaries in the battle of Lala which was crucial
for the revolution. The British rulers didn't look gladly on the people's participation
in the events. The period is nevertheless characterized by a series of public
benefit projects on the island, such as the bridge uniting Argostoli
with the land across the strait and the justice building at Lixouri.
Incorporation and more recent times
On the 21st of May 1864 the British formally proceeded with ceding
the Ionian Islands to Greece. It was only a short while after the enthronement
of the Danish prince as George I of Greece, who had been favored by British politicians
in Athens. The act was
largely the result of the intense pressure exercised by the people Already, during
the British period, a movement aiming towards union had evolved in Kefalonia,
whose main exponent was the Radical party. This had been preceded by free elections
on the islands in 1850 and the parliament formed had declared with its vote the
will of the people for union of the Ionian Islands with mainland Greece. Between
the 15/27th of February 1862 the Kefalonian Radical Elias Iakovatos was unanimously
elected as head of the Ionian parliament. On April 7th of 1864 the Greek representative
Theofilos Zaimis arrived in Corfu
and the British Commissioner handed authority over to him.
This text is cited December 2004 from the Ionian Islands Region General Secretariat URL below
Classical period (480-323 BC)
Participation at the Athens Confederacy, 456 B.C.
Ifikratis took the island
Roman domination 189 B.C.
Normands of Sicily 1185-1335 A.D.
Andegavi 1335-1358 A.D.
Tarantini 1357 till 1463-1479
Turkish domination 143-1479 till 1500
Venetian domination 1500-1797 A.D.
Catastrophes of the place
Earthquake of 1953
Gaios, Livios, Salinatoras, Roman 191 B.C.
Robbed and destroyed the island.
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