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Listed 2 sub titles with search on: History for destination: "MESSINIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS".

History (2)

Official pages

Byzantine period

  Messini remained under Roman occupation and lived in a carefree way until 395/396 A.D. when it was attacked and probably plundered by the Germans (Visigothi) of Alarichos.
  Despite that, it is probable but also without evidence that the city kept on its historic life as it is proved by the foundation of fourty houses of residents who lived in this contemporary archaeological site from the fourth to the seventh century, until about 700 A.D.
  When the inhabitants of Messini became Christians they forgot all about the Religious Tolerance which was granted to all the inhabitants by the Decree of Mediolanos and, with the frenzy of the newly-initiated, they destroyed every ancient statue they found in front of them.
  The fragments were collected by Petros Themelis who found them in an enclosed room in the «Gymnasio», while in the area of the ancient 'Agora' he also found architectural parts of a pro-christian basilika (temple) where the Bishop of Messini must have been officiating as a clergyman in the fourth century.
  After the seventh century and for unknown reasons the presence of Messini is lost from the history scene and only during the last Byzantine centuries does the Byzantine temple of the Assumption (of the Virgin Mary) make its appearance on its land, at the top of the mountain of Ithomi or Voulkano. Finally, the extensive area of Messinia loses even its freedom in the beginning of the thirteenth century.
  In 1205 A.D. the Frank (=French) Goulielmos Samblites along with Godefredos-Villeardouinos disembarked at Methoni and before 1212 A.D. the French had conquered the Peloponnese and founded sovereignty, the «Principality of Achaia» whose capital was Andravida.
  So, from 1205 to 1430, Messinia, except Methoni and Koroni, was in the hands of those conquerors, the most important of which was the «Prince of Achaia» and occupant of Kalamata, Nisi, Androusa, and temporarily Arkadia (Kyparissia), Goulielmos the 2nd Vileardouinos.
  He had been born in Kalamata and that's why Greeks called him «Kalamata» He was a very ambitious and daring man. While taking part in a military confrontation in 1259, however, he was beaten by the Byzantine forces in the battle of Pelagonia, near Kastoria, he was captured and he had to yield the castles of Mystra, Bofor and Great Mani in 1262 to the emperor Michael the seventh the Paleologos (1258-1282) so that the could be released. Consequently, the Despotato of Mystras was created and the land of Messinia became a part of it, in about 1430.   After the fall of Konstandinoupolis, in 1453, the bigger part of Messinia surrendered to Mohamet the 2nd the Conqueror in 1460, and the surrender was completed in 1500 when the next Sultan, Vagiazit conquered Methoni, Koroni and Navarino which was in the hands of Venetians.
About the ancient history of Messenia, see ancient country: Messinia

This text is cited June 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.

Modern history

  The occupation of messinian land lasted until the 23rd March 1821 when, thanks to the efforts of Filiki Eteria, the heroic captains of West Mani, the chieftains of Messinia and their brave men, the liberation of the Country started from Kalamata making it the first free Greek city.
  The liberation of Messinia was completed in 1827 with the intervention of the Superpowers and the naval battle of Navarino on 20 October 1827 but it was not until the next year that General Mezon's french expeditionary force made Ibrahem abandon Peloponnese via Methoni on the 28th September 1828.
  Finally, after 1832, and the recognition of the Proclamation of Independence of Greece by the Sultan, free life finally started for Greek people.
  About the ancient history of Messenia, see ancient country: Messinia

This text is cited June 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.

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