EL
Greek Travel Pages

Location information

Listed 94 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for wider area of: "ILIA Prefecture WEST GREECE" .


Homeric world (94)

Ancient towns

CHALKIS (Ancient city) ILIA

Chalkis

It is mentioned by Homer (Od. 15.295).


EFYRA ILIAKI (Ancient city) ILIA

Ephyra

Astyocheia, mother of Tlepolemus, came from Ephyre (Il. 2.659) where Odysseus went in search of a poison for his arrows (Od. 1.259).


FIAS (Ancient city) ILIA

Pheia and Pheae

A town of Elis situated on the shore of the Iardanus river and near the Pisatis border (Il. 7.135, Od. 15.297).


Gods & demigods

ALFIOS (River) ILIA

The river Alpheus

Homer also mentions the river as a deity, that begat Orsilochus, father of Diocles and grandson of Crethon and Orsilochus (Il. 2.592, 5.545, Od. 3.489).


Alpheius

Alpheius or Alpheus (Alpheios or Alpheos), the god of the river Alpheius in Peloponnesus, a son of Oceanus and Thetys (Pind. Nem. i. l; Hes. Theog. 338). According to Pausanias (v. 7.2) Alpheius was a passionate hunter and fell in love with the nymph Arethusa, but she fled from him to the island of Ortygia near Syracuse, and metamorphosed herself into a well, whereupon Alpheius became a river, which flowing from Peloponnesus under the sea to Ortygia, there united its waters with those of the well Arethusa (Comp. Schol. ad Pind. Nem. i. 3). This story is related somewhat differently by Ovid (Met. v. 572, &c.). Arethusa, a fair nymph, once while bathing in the river Alpheius in Arcadia, was surprised and pursued by the god; but Artemis took pity upon her and changed her into a well, which flowed under the earth to the island of Ortygia (Comp. Serv. ad Virg. Ecl. x. 4; Virg. Aen. iii. 694; Stat. Silv. i. 2, 203; Theb. i. 271, iv. 239; Lucian, Dial. Marin. 3). Artemis, who is here only mentioned incidentally, was, according to other traditions, the object of the love of Alpheius. Once, it is said, when pursued by him she fled to Letrini in Elis, and here she covered her face and those of her companions (nymphs) with mud, so that Alpheius could not discover or distinguish her, and was obliged to return (Paus. vi. 22.5). This occasioned the building of a temple of Artemis Alphaea at Letrini. According to another version, the goddess fled to Ortygia, where she had likewise a temple under the name of Alphaea (Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. ii. 12). An allusion to Alpheius' love of Artemis is also contained in the fact, that at Olympia the two divinities had one altar in common (Paus. v. 14.5 ; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. v. 10). In these accounts two or more distinct stories seem to be mixed up together, but they probably originated in the popular belief, that there was a natural subterraneous communication between the river Alpheius and the well Arethusa. For, among several other things it was believed, that a cup thrown into the Alpheius would make its reappearance in the well Arethusa in Ortygia (Strab. vi., viii.; Senec. Quaest. Nat. iii. 26). Plutarch (de Fluv. 19) gives an account which is altogether unconnected with those mentioned above. According to him, Alpheius was a son of Helios, and killed his brother Cercaphus in a contest. Haunted by despair and the Erinnyes he leapt into the river Nyctimus which hence received the name Alpheius.

This text is from: A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890) (eds. William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



LEPREON (Ancient city) ILIA

Dione

She was the mother of Aphrodite by Zeus (Il. 5.370).


Dione, a female Titan, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys (Hesiod. Theog. 353), and, according to others, of Uranus and Ge, or of Aether and Ge (Hygin. Fab. Praef.; Apollod. i. 1.3). She was beloved by Zeus, by whom she became the mother of Aphrodite (Apollod. i. 3. sec; i.; Hornm. Il. v. 370, &c.). When Aphrodite was wounded by Diomedes, Dione received her daughter in Olympus, and pronounced the threat respecting the punishment of Diomedes (Hom. Il. v. 405). Dione was present, with other divinities, at the birth of Apollo and Artemis in Delos. (Hom. Hymn. in Del. 93). At the foot of Lepreon, on the western coast of Peloponnesus, there was a grove sacred to her (Strab. viii.), and in other places she was worshipped in the temples of Zeus (Strab. vii.). In some traditions she is called the mother of Dionysus (Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. iii. 177; Hesych. s. v. Bakchou Diones). There are three more mythical personages of this name (Apollod. i. 2.7; Hygin. Fab. 83; Pherecyd.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Dec 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Dione. A female Titan, loved by Zeus, by whom she became the mother of Aphrodite, who is hence called Dionaea and sometimes even Dione. Hence Caesar is called Dionaeus Caesar, because he claimed descent from Venus (Aphrodite).



Greek heroes of the Trojan War

EPII LAND (Ancient country) ILIA

Automedon

Automedon and his father, Diorus, fought at the Trojan War. Automedon was the charioteer of Achilles.


Automedon. Son of Diores; the comrade and charioteer of Achilles, and afterwards of Pyrrhus, the son of Achilles.


Greek leaders in the Trojan War

EFYRA ILIAKI (Ancient city) ILIA

Polyxenus

He was the son of Agasthenes, grandson of Augeias and the fourth leader of the Elean ships sent against Troy (Il. 2.623). He was the father of Amphimachus II, whom Polexenus, after his return from Troy, named after Amphimachus I, son of Cteatus, who was killed in Troy (Paus. 5,3,4).



ILIA (Ancient country) GREECE

Amphimachus I

He was the son of Cteatus and Theronice, grandson of Actor, king of the Epeians of Elis and leader of the Eleans against Troy with 20 ships (Il. 2,620), who was slain by Hector (Il. 13.185, 206). He reigned jointly with Agasthenes and Thalpius (Paus. 5,3,3).


Amphimachus (Amphimachos). A son of Cteatus and Theronice, and grandson of Actor or of Poseidon. He is mentioned among the suitors of Helen, and was one of the four chiefs who led the Epeians against Troy (Apollod. iii. 10.8; Paus. v. 3.4; Hom. Il. ii. 620). He was slain by Hector. (Il. xiii. 185, &c.)


Thalpius

He was the son of Eurytus and Theraephone, grandson of Actor (Il. 2.620). He reigned jointly with Agasthenes and Amphimachus in Elis (Paus. 5,3,3).



VOUPRASSION (Ancient city) ILIA

Diores

Diores, son of Amarynceus and leader of the Epeians in the Trojan War, was slain by Peiros (Il. 2.622, 4.518)


The leader of 10 ships of a total of 40, which were sent by the Eleans against Troy (Paus. 5,3,4).


Diores: Perseus Project


Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships

ALISSION (Ancient city) ILIA

Trojan War

Alesium participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.617).


ARINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Trojan War

Arene participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.591, 11.723).


ELOS (Ancient city) ILIA

Trojan War

Helus is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships and participated in the Trojan War under the leadership of Nestor (Il. 2.594).


EPY (Ancient city) ILIA

Trojan War

The city of Aepy participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships. It belonged to the territory of Nestor (Il. 2.592).


ILIA (Ancient country) GREECE

Trojan War

Elis participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.615).


MYRSINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Trojan War

Myrsinus participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.616).


THRYON (Ancient city) GREECE

Trojan War

The city of Thryum, which was also called by Homer Thryoessa (Il. 11.711), participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.592).


VOUPRASSION (Ancient city) ILIA

Trojan War

Buprasium participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il 2.615, 11.755, 23.630).


YRMINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Trojan War

Hyrmine participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.616).


Hegemons

EPII LAND (Ancient country) ILIA

Amphion

An Epeian leader (Il. 13.692).


Dracius

A leader of the Epeians in the Trojan War (Il. 13.692).


Heroes

ARINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Idas & Marpessa

He was the son of Aphareus, brother of Lynceus and father of Cleopatra by Marpessa, who was the daughter of Evenus (Il. 9.557-8, also see Paus. 4,2,7).


Idas, a son of Aphareus and Arene, the daughter of Oebalus, whence he and his brother Lynceus are called Apharetides, or Aphareidae. He was married to Marpessa, and became by her the father of Cleopatra or Alcyone (Hom. Il. ix. 556. &c.; Apollod. iii. 10.3; Eustath. ad Hom.). His mother is also called Polydora, Laocoosa, or Arne (Theocrit. xxii. 206; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 151; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511). His daughter was called Alcyone, because Marpessa was once carried off by Apollo, and lamented over the separation from her beloved husband, as Alcyon had once wept about Ceyx (Hom. Il. ix. 561; Paus. iv. 2.5). Idas carried off Marpessa, the daughter of Evenus, for whose hand Apollo also was suing, and was assisted by Poseidon, who gave him a winged chariot. Evenus, who pursued him, could not overtake him, but Apollo found him in Messene, and took the maiden from him. The two lovers fought for her possession, but Zeus separated them, and left the decision with Marpessa, who chose Idas, from feat lest Apollo should desert her if she grew old (Apollod. i. 7.8, &c.; Hom. Il. l. c.). The two brothers, Idas and Lynceus, also took part in the Calydonian hunt (Apollod. i. 8. 2; Ov. Met. viii. 305), and in the expedition of the Argonauts (Apollod. i. 9.16; Apollon. Rhod. i. 151, &c.; Orph. Argon. 178). In the latter expedition Idas killed the boar which had destroyed Idmon in the kingdom of Lycus (Hygin. Fab. 14), but when he attempted to deprive Teuthras, king of Mysia, of his kingdom, he was conquered by Telephus and Parthenopaeus (Hygin. Fab. 100). The most celebrated part of the story of the Apharetidae is their fight with the Dioscuri, with whom they had grown up from their childhood. Once, so the story runs, the Aphareidae and Dioscuri conjointly carried off some herds from Arcadia, and Idas was requested to divide the booty into equal parts. He thereupon divided a bull into four parts, declaring that he who should have eaten his quarter first should have half the booty, and the one who should finish his next should have the other half. Idas himself not only devoured his own quarter, but also that of his brother, and then drove away the whole herd into Messenia. The Dioscuri, however. dissatisfied with this mode of proceeding, marched into Messenia, carried off the Arcadian oxen, together with much other booty made in Messenia, and lay in ambush in a hollow oak tree to wait for Idas and Lynceus. The latter, whose eves were so keen that he could see through every thing, discovered Castor through the trunk of the oak, and pointed him out to Idas, who killed him. Polydeuces, in order to avenge his brother, pursued them and ran Lynceus through with his spear. Idas, in return, struck Polydeuces with a stone so violently, that he fell and fainted; whereupon Zeus slew Idas with a flash of lightning. (Apollod. iii. 11. 2; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511, 549; Ov. Fast. v. 700, &c.) This fight between the Aphareidae and the Dioscuri, which is placed by some writers in Messenia, by others in Laconia, and by Ovid in the neighbourhood of Aphidna, is related, with sundry variations, by Theocritus (xxii. 137, &c.), Pindar (Nem. x. 60, &c.; comp. Paus. iv. 2.4, 13.1), and Hyginus (Fab. 80). The tomb of the Aphareidae was shown at Sparta as late as the time of Pausanias (iii. 13.1), who, however, thinks that in reality they had been buried in Messenia, where the fight had taken place. They were represented in a painting, together with their father Aphareus, in a temple at Messene. (Paus. iv. 31,9). Idas alone was represented on the chest of Cypselus in the act of leading Marpessa out of the temple of Apollo, who had carried her off. (Paus. v. 18.1)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Lynceus

The son of Aphareus, was among the hunters of the Caledonian boar, and was also one of the Argonauts. According to the old legend, he was so sharp-sighted as to have been able to see through the earth, and also to distinguish objects at the distance of many miles. He was slain by Pollux. (See Dioscuri.)


Idas and Lynceus (Lunkeus). The sons of Aphareus of Messenia and of Arene; two brothers as heroic and inseparable as their cousins Castor and Pollux (Polydeuces). The nymph Marpessa, daughter of the Acarnanian river-god Euenus, was wooed by Apollo, when Idas carried her off in a winged chariot given him by Poseidon. When Apollo overtook the fugitives in Messenia, Idas, who was then the strongest of living men ( Hom. Il.ix. 556), stretched his bow against Apollo. Zeus interposed and gave the girl her choice of suitors; she decided in favour of the mortal, as she feared that Apollo would desert her. After that the god detested her; and both she and her beautiful daughter Cleopatra or Alcyone, wife of Meleager, and also their daughter, all died young, and brought misfortune on those that loved them. Idas and Lynceus, who could see even into the heart of the earth, joined in the Calydonian hunt and the Argonautic expedition. They met their deaths fighting Castor and Pollux, with whom they had been brought up. As they were all returning from a raid into Arcadia, Idas was appointed to divide the cattle they had captured; he divided an ox into four portions and decided that whosoever devoured his portion first was to have the first half of the spoil, and he who finished his next, the second half. He finished his own and his brother's share first, and then drove the cattle away. The Dioscuri were enraged and hid themselves from the brothers in a hollow oak-tree; but the keen sight of Lynceus detected their lurking-place, and Idas stabbed Castor in the tree. Thereupon Pollux pierced Lynceus through, while Idas was slain by the lightning of Zeus. For another account of the origin of the quarrel, see Dioscuri at ancient Amyclae.

This text is cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


EFYRA ILIAKI (Ancient city) ILIA

Mulius & Agamede

Mulius was married to the daughter of Augeias, Agamede, who knew all the medicinal herbs (Il. 11,737).
Agamede was the mother of Velus, Actor and Dictyus by Poseidon.


Agamede. A daughter of Augeias and wife of Mulius, who, according to Homer (Il. xi. 739), was acquainted with the healing powers of all the plants that grow upon the earth. Hyginus (Fab. 157) makes her the mother of Belus, Actor, and Dictys, by Poseidon.


Admetos

Admetus, son of Augeias (Paus. 10.25.5)


Ilus

Ilus, a son of Mermerus, and grandson of Jason and Medeia. He lived at Ephyra, between Elis and Olympia; and when Odysseus came to him to fetch the poison for his arrows, Ilus refused it, from fear of the vengeance of the Gods. (Hom. Od. i. 259, ii. 328; Eustath. ad Hom.; Strab. viii.)


ILIA (Ancient country) GREECE

Itymoneus

He was the son of Hypeirochus, who dwelt in Elis and was slain by Nestor of Pylos because he had tried to steal his cows (Il. 11.672).


PISSA (Ancient city) ANCIENT OLYMPIA

Alector

He was the son of Pelops by Hegesandra, and father of Iphiloche (Od. 4.10).


SALMONI (Ancient city) ILIA

Salmoneus & Alcidice

Salmoneus, son of Aeolus by Enarete, was the father of Tyro by Alcidice (Od. 11.236). He was said to be the founder of the city.


Salmoneus. Son of Aeolus and Enarete and brother of Sisyphus. He originally lived in Thessaly, but emigrated to Elis, where he built the town of Salmone. His presumption and arrogance were so great that he deemed himself equal to Zeus, and ordered sacrifices to be offered to himself; nay, he even imitated the thunder and lightning of Zeus, but the father of the gods killed him with his thunderbolt, destroyed his town, and punished him in the lower world. His daughter Tyro bore the patronymic Salmonis.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Alcidice (Alkidike), the daughter of Aleus, and wife of Salmoneus, by whom she had a daughter, Tyro. Alcidice died early, and Salmoneus afterwards married Sidero. (Diod. iv. 68; Apollod. i. 9.8)


YRMINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Moliones - Actoriones

Cteatus and Eurytus were called Moliones and Actoriones because they were the sons of Molione and Actor (Od. 11.709 & 750). They were slain by Heracles, because they were rivals in the war against Augeas (Paus. 2,15,1).


   Molionidae, (Molionidai) and Moliones. Eurytus and Cteatus, the sons of Actor (whence they were also called Actoridae), or else of Poseidon and Molione. (Homer [ Il.xi. 750] calls them by the dual and double name Actorione Molione.) As boys they fought against Nestor and the men of Pylos. When they had grown up, they defeated the army of Heracles that threatened their uncle Augeas, but were killed by the former near Cleonae in Argolis. In Homer their sons Thalpius and Antimachus are the chieftains of the Epeians before Troy. A later legend describes them as having only one body but two heads.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Molionides : Perseus Encyclopedia


Eurytus

He was the son of Actor or Poseidon by Molione, brother of Cteatus (Il. 2.621), with whom he undertook an expedition against the Pylians and Nestor in order to help Augeas (Il. 11.709).


Eurytus, a son of Actor and Molione of Elis. (Hom. Il. ii. 621; Apollod. ii 7.2; Paus. ii. 15.1; Eurip. Iph. Aul. 270).


Perseus Project


Cteatus

He was the son of Actor or Poseidon by Molione, brother of Eurytus, with whom he undertook an expedition against the Pylians and Nestor as help to Augeas (Il. 2.621, 11.709).


Heroines

ARINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Cleopatra

She was the daughter of Idas and Marpessa and wife of Meleager, that her parents called her Halcyone, because the lamentations of her mother for the abduction of Cleopatra by Apollo reminded of the grieved singing of the bird halcyon (= kingfisher) (Il. 9.556).


EFYRA ILIAKI (Ancient city) ILIA

Astyocheia

She was the daughter of Phylas and mother of Tlepolemus, who led the Rhodians against Troy (Il. 2.658).


SALMONI (Ancient city) ILIA

Tyro

Daughter of Salmoneus and Alcidice, wife of Cretheus (see IOLCUS, ancient city). After Poseidon took the form of the river-god Enipeus, that Tyro was in love with, he laid with her and she bore to him two sons, Pelias and Neleus. To her husband Cretheus Tyro bore Aeson, Amythaon and Pheres (Od. 2.120, 11.235).


   Turo. The daughter of Salmoneus and Alcidice. She was the wife of Cretheus, and beloved by the river-god Enipeus in Thessaly, in whose form Poseidon appeared to her, and became by her the father of Pelias and Neleus. By Cretheus she was the mother of Aeson, Pheres, and Amythaon.


Tyro : Perseus Encyclopedia


Kings

EFYRA ILIAKI (Ancient city) ILIA

Augeias (Augeas)

He was the father of Agasthenes, Phyleus and Agamede (Il. 11.701), and son of Eleius or Helius. He was known for his stables, which Heracles cleansed (Paus. 5,1,9). He also held the Olympian games (Paus. 5,8,3).


Augeas or Augeias. Son of Helios, or, according to another account, of Phorbas, and Hermione. He was king of the Epeians in Elis, and one of the Argonauts. Besides his other possessions, for which Agamemnon and Trophonius built him a treasure-house, he was owner of an enormous flock of sheep and oxen, among which were twelve white bulls consecrated to the Sun. When Heracles, at the command of Eurystheus, came to cleanse his farm-yard, Augeas promised him the tenth part of his flock. But, the task completed, he refused the reward, on the ground that the work had been done in the service of Eurystheus. Heracles replied by sending an army against him,which was defeated in the passes of Elis by Eurytus and Cteatus, sons of Molione; but Heracles appeared on the scene, and slew the Molionidae, and with them their uncle Augeas and his sons.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Augeas or Augeias, a son of Phorbas and Hermione, and king of the Epeians in Elis. According to some accounts he was a son of Eleios or Helios or Poseidon (Paus. v. 1.7; Apollod. ii. 5.5; Schol. ad Apollon. i. 172). His mother, too, is not the same in all traditions, for some call her Iphinoe or Naupidame (Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 41; Hygin. Fab. 14). He is mentioned among the Argonauts, but he is more celebrated in ancient story on account of his connexion with Heracles, one of whose labours, imposed upon him by Eurystheus, was to clear in one day the stables of Augeas, who kept in them a large number of oxen. Heracles was to have the tenth part of the oxen as his reward, but when the hero had accomplished his task by leading the rivers Alpheus and Peneus through the stables, Augeas refused to keep his promise. Heracles, therefore, made war upon him, which terminated in his death and that of his sons, with the exception of one, Phyleus, whom Heracles placed on the throne of his father (Apolod. l. c.; ii. 7.2; Diod. iv. 13, 33; Theocrit. Idyll. 25). Another tradition preserved in Pausanias (v. 3.4, 4.1) represents Augeas as dying a natural death at an advanced age, and as receiving heroic honours from Oxyl.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Agasthenes

Agasthenes, son of Augeas and father of Polyxenus (Il. 2.624), became king of Elis after the death of his father and reigned along with Amphimachus and Thalpius, grandsons of Actor, and perhaps with Amarynceus (Paus. 5,3,3-4).



Euphetes

He was the king of Ephyra, which was located near the Seleis river
"This Phyleus had brought from out of Ephyre, from the river Seleis. For a guest-friend of his, the king of men Euphetes, had given it him that he might wear it in war, a defence against foe-men; and this now warded death from the body of his son." (Il. 15.532).


KYLLINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Otus

A Cyllenian, leader of the Epeans and comrade of Meges (Il. 15.518).
He was slain by Polydamas in Troy (Paus. 6,26,4).


Perseus Encyclopedia


PISSA (Ancient city) ANCIENT OLYMPIA

Pelops

A son of Tantalus, who came from Phrygia. In Elis, after his victory in a horse race, he got married to Hippodameia, the daughter of Oenomaus, and became king (Il. 2.104).


Pelops came from Asia and succeeded Oenomaus to the kingdom. After the death of the latter, he also took possesion of Olympia. The Eleans said that he was the first to found a temple of Hermes in Peloponnese (Paus. 5,1,7). He also held the most brilliant Olympian games, when compared with all previous ones (Paus. 5,8,2) and the Eleans honoured him as their favourite hero (Paus. 5,13,1).


   (Pelops, "Black-face"). A grandson of Zeus and son of Tantalus and Dione, the daughter of Atlas. Some writers call his mother Euryanassa or Clytia. He was married to Hippodamia, by whom he became the father of Atreus, Thyestes, Dias, Cynosurus, Corinthius, Hippalmus (Hippalcmus or Hippalcimus), Hippasus, Cleon, Argius, Alcathous, Aelius, Pittheus, Troezen, Nicippe, and Lysidice, known collectively as the Pelopidae. By Axioche or the nymph Danais he is said to have been the father of Chrysippus. Pelops was king of Pisa in Elis, and from him the great southern peninsula of Greece was believed to have derived its name Peloponnesus. According to a tradition which became very general in later times, Pelops was a Phrygian, who was expelled by Ilus from Phrygia (Ovid, Met.viii. 622), and thereupon migrated with his great wealth to Pisa. Others describe him as a Paphlagonian, and call the Paphlagonians themselves Pelopeioi. Others again represent him as a native of Greece; and there can be little doubt that in the earliest traditions Pelops was described as a native of Greece and not as a foreign immigrant; in them, also, he is called the tamer of horses and the favourite of Poseidon. The legends about Pelops consist mainly of (a) the story of his being cut to pieces and boiled; (b) of his contest with Oenomaus and Hippodamia; and (c) of his relation to his sons, to which may be added the honours paid to his remains.
    (a) The first tells how Tantalus, the favourite of the gods, once invited them to a repast, and on that occasion killed his own son, and having boiled him set the flesh before them that they might eat it. But the immortal gods, knowing what it was, did not touch it; Demeter alone, being absorbed by grief for her lost daughter, consumed the shoulder of Pelops. Hereupon the gods ordered Hermes to put the limbs of Pelops into a caldron, and thereby restore him to life. When the process was over, Clotho took him out of the caldron, and as the shoulder consumed by Demeter was wanting, the goddess supplied its place by one made of ivory; his descendants (the Pelopidae), as a mark of their origin, were believed to have one shoulder as white as ivory.
    (b) As an oracle had declared to Oenomaus that he should be killed by his son-in-law, he refused giving his daughter Hippodamia in marriage to any one. But since many suitors appeared, Oenomaus declared that he would bestow her hand upon the man who should conquer him in the chariot-race, but that he should kill all who were defeated by him. Among other suitors Pelops also presented himself; but when he saw the heads of his conquered predecessors stuck up above the door of Oenomaus he was seized with fear, and endeavoured to gain the favour of Myrtilus, the charioteer of Oenomaus, promising him half the kingdom if he would assist him in conquering his master. Myrtilus agreed, and drew out the linchpins of the chariot of Oenomaus. In the race the chariot of Oenomaus broke down, and he was thrown out and killed. Thus Hippodamia became the wife of Pelops. But as Pelops had now gained his object, he was unwilling to keep faith with Myrtilus; and accordingly, as they were driving along a cliff, he threw Myrtilus into the sea. As Myrtilus sank he cursed Pelops and his whole race. Pelops returned with Hippodamia to Pisa in Elis, and soon also made himself master of Olympia, where he restored the Olympian Games with greater splendour than they had ever been celebrated before.
    (c) Chrysippus was the favourite of his father, and was, in consequence, envied by his brothers. The eldest two among them, Atreus and Thyestes, with the connivance of Hippodamia, accordingly murdered Chrysippus, and threw his body into a well. Pelops, who suspected his sons of the murder, expelled them from the country. Hippodamia, dreading the anger of her husband, fled to Midea in Argolis, whence her remains were afterwards conveyed by Pelops to Olympia.
    Pelops, after his death, was honoured at Olympia above all other heroes. His tomb, with an iron sarcophagus, existed on the banks of the Alpheus, not far from the temple of Artemis, near Pisa. The spot on which his sanctuary (Pelopion) stood in the Altis was said to have been dedicated by Heracles, who also offered to him the first sacrifices. The magistrates of the Eleans likewise offered to him there an annual sacrifice, consisting of a black ram, with special ceremonies. The name of Pelops was so celebrated that it was constantly used by the poets in connection with his descendants and the cities they inhabited. Hence we find Atreus, the son of Pelops, called Pelopeius Atreus, and Agamemnon, the grandson or great-grandson of Atreus, called Pelopeius Agamemnon. In the same way Iphigenia, the daughter of Agamemnon, and Hermione, the wife of Menelaus, are each called by Ovid Pelopeia virgo. Vergil ( Aen.ii. 193) uses the phrase Pelopea moenia to signify the cities in Peloponnesus which Pelops and his descendants ruled over; and in like manner Mycenae is called by Ovid Pelopeiades Mycenae.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Pelops : Various WebPages


VOUPRASSION (Ancient city) ILIA

Amarynceus

He was the son of Alector, lord of the Epeians, ally of Augeas at the battle against Heracles. Homer mentions his funeral in Buprasium (Il. 2.623, 4.457, 23.630).


Amarynceus, besides being a good soldier, had a father, Pyttius, of Thessalian descent, who came from Thessaly to Elis. To Amarynceus, therefore, Augeas also gave a share in the government of Elis; Actor and his sons had a share in the kingdom and were natives of the country (Paus. 5.1.11).


Amarynceus (Amarunkeus), a chief of the Eleans, and son of Onesimachus or of Acetor (Hygin. Fab. 97; Eustath. ad Hom.). According to Hyginus, Amarynceus himself joined the expedition against Troy with nineteen ships. Homer, on the other hand, only mentions his son Diores (Amarynceides) as partaking in the Trojan war (Il. ii. 622. iv. 517). When Amarynceus died, his sons celebrated funeral games in his honour, in which Nestor, as he himself relates (Il. xxiii. 629, &c.), took part. According to Pausanias (v. i.8) Amarynceus had been of great service to Augeas against Heracles, in return for which Augeas shared his throne with him.



YRMINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Actor & Molione

Actor was the son of Phorbas, brother of Augeas, husband of Molione and father of Cteatus and Eurytus (Il. 23.638). He was murdered by Herakles. He founded the city of Hyrmina in the honour of his mother (Paus. 5,1,11).



Mountains

SKOLLIS (Mountain) ACHAIA

The rock of Olen

It is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.617 & 11.756).


Place-names according to Homer

ALISSION (Ancient city) ILIA

The hill of Alesium

A hill or stele in the memory of Aleisius, who was, according to Demetrius of Scepsis, the son of Scillus and suitor of Hippodameia.


EFYRA ILIAKI (Ancient city) ILIA

Selleis river

A river in Elis (Il. 2.659, 15.531).


Selleis (Selleeis). A river in Elis, on which the Homeric Ephyra stood, rising in Mount Pholoe, and falling into the sea south of the Peneus.


It is between Chelonatas and Cyllene that the River Peneius empties; as also the River Selleeis, which is mentioned by the poet (Homer) and flows out of Pholoe. On the Selleeis is situated a city Ephyra


Selleis. A river in Elis, on which the Homeric Ephyra stood, rising in Mount Pholoe, and falling into the sea south of the Peneus.


ILIA (Ancient country) GREECE

Iardanus or Acidas river

A river in Elis near Pheia (Il. 7.135). Pausanias cites an information given by an Ephesian, according of which Iardanus was the ancient name of the Acidas, tributary of the Anigrus river, but he had not found other evidence in support of it (Paus. 5,5,9).


Acidas & Jardanus: Perseus Encyclopedia


Celadon

A river in Elis or in Arcadia, which is mentioned by Homer (Il. 7.133).


KROUNI (Village) ILIA

Crouni

A spring near Chalcis, which is mentioned by Homer (Od. 15.295).


SALMONI (Ancient city) ILIA

Enipeus River

Salmoneus, who originally lived in Thessaly, migrated afterwards to Elis, where he built a city Salmone. The river Enipeus rises in Mount Othrys in Thessaly, and, after receiving the waters of the Apidanus, falls into the Peneus; but as Salmoneus had two homes, one in Thessaly and the other in Elis so we find the name of the river on which his Elean city, Salmone, was built was also called Enipeus.


Enipeus. A small river in Pisatis (Elis) flowing into the Alpheus.


Territories - Kingdoms

ILIA (Ancient country) GREECE

Eleian country

Regarding the Eleian country, Homer calls the land of the Epeians by the name of Elis (Od. 15.298) and the territory of Nestor Pylos (Il. 5.545, Od. 3.4).


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