KYLLINI (Mountain) CORINTHIA
Ischus, a son of Elatus, and the beloved of Coronis at the time when she was with child (Asclepius) by Apollo. The god wishing to punish her faithlessness, caused Artemis to kill her, together with Ischys.
They were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione, that Zeus turned into doves so that they could escape from Orion, who fell in love with them. The doves flew and became a constellation. Pleiades are also mentioned by Homer (Il. 18.486, Od. 5.272).
National god of Arcadia, one of the "youngest" Greek gods, identified with the Egyptian Mendes, son of Zeus and Hybris, said to have been borne by Penelope to Hermes, hunts on mountains, invents pipe, heard piping on Mount Maenalus, represented with pipe, gives oracles, causes panic fears, discovers mourning Demeter in cave, appears to Philippides, his cult at Athens, sacrifices to Pan and Dionysus, caves sacred to, mountains sacred to, oak-tree sacred to, tortoises sacred to, his herd of goats, his altars, images, sanctuaries, temple, Pans, Titles—Deliverer, Nomian, Oenois, Scolitas.
Aegocerus (Aigokeros), a surname of Pan, descriptive of his figure with the horns of a goat, but is more commonly the name given to one of the signs of the Zodiac. (Lucan, ix. 536; Lucret. v. 614; C. Caes. Germ. in Arat. 213.)
Agreus, a hunter, occurs as a surname of Pan and Aristaeus. (Pind. Pyth. ix. 115; Apollon. Rhod. iii. 507; Diod. iv. 81; Hesych. s.v.)
Aegipan (Aigipan), that is, Goat-Pan, was according to some statements a being distinct from Pan, while others regard him as identical with Pan. His story appears to be altogether of late origin. According to Hyginus (Fab. 155) he was the son of Zeus and a goat, or of Zeus and Aega, the wife of Pan, and was transferred to the stars (Hygin. Poct. Astr. ii. 13.28). Others again make Aegipan the father of Pan, and state that he as well as his son was represented as half goat and half fish (Eratosth. Catast. 27). When Zeus in his contest with the Titans was deprived of the sinews of his hands and feet, Hermes and Aegipan secretly restored them to him and fitted them in their proper places (Apollod. i. 6.3; Hygin. Poet. Astr. l. c.). According to a Roman tradition mentioned by Plutarch (Parallel. 22), Aegipan had sprung from the incestuous intercourse of Valeria of Tusculum and her father Valerius, and was considered only a different name for Silvanus.
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Pleiades. The seven daughters of Atlas and the Ocean-nymph Pleione, born on the Arcadian mountain Cyllene, sisters of the Hyades. The eldest and most beautiful, Maia, became the mother of Hermes by Zeus; Electra and Taygete, of Dardanus and Lacedaemon by the same; Alcyone, of Hyrieus by Poseidon; Celaeno, of Lycus and Nycteus by the same; Sterope or Asterope, of Oenomaus by Ares; Merope (i. e. "the mortal"), of Glaucus by Sisyphus. Out of grief, either for the fate of Atlas or for the death of their sisters, they killed themselves and were placed among the constellations. According to another legend, they were pursued for five years by the giant hunter Orion, until Zeus turned the distressed nymphs and their pursuer into neighbouring stars. As the constellation of the seven stars, they made known by their rising (in the middle of May) the approach of harvest, and by their setting (at the end of October) the time for the new sowing. Their rising and setting were also looked upon as the sign of the opening and closing of the sailing season. One of the seven stars is invisible; this was explained to be Merope, who hid herself out of shame at her marriage with a mortal. The constellation of the Pleiades seems also to have been compared to a flight of doves (peleiades). Hence the Pleiades were supposed to be meant in the story told by Homer of the ambrosia brought to Zeus by the doves, one of which is always lost at the Planctae Rocks, but is regularly replaced by a new one. Among the Romans, the constellation was called Vergiliae, the stars of spring. As being the daughters of Atlas, the name Atlantides is often used of them.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
A daughter of Oceanus, and mother of the Pleiades by Atlas.
Maia. The daughter of Atlas and Pleione, one of the Pleiades, and mother of Hermes by Zeus. The Romans identified her with an old Italian goddess of spring, Maia Maiestas (also called Fauna, Bona Dea, Ops), who was held to be the wife of Vulcan, and to whom the flamen of that god sacrificed a pregnant sow on the first of May.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Maia or Maias, a daughter of Atlas and Pleiono (whence she is called Atlantis
and Pleias), was the eldest of the Pleiades, and in a grotto of mount Cyllene
in Arcadia she became by Zeus the mother of Hermes. Areas, the son of Zeus by
Callisto, was given to her to be reared. (Hom. Od. xiv. 435, Hymn. in Merc. 3;
Hes. Theog. 938; Apollod. iii. 10. 2, 8. 2; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 219; Horat. Carm.
i. 10. 1, 2. 42, &c. )
Maia is also the name of a divinity worshipped at Rome, who was also called Majesta. She is mentioned in connection with Vulcan, and was regarded by some as the wife of that god, though it seems for no other reason but because a priest of Vulcan offered a sacrifice to her on the first of May, while in the popular superstition of later times she was identified with Maia, the daughter of Atlas. It is more probable that Maia was an ancient name of the bona dea, who was also designated by the names of Ops, Fauna, and Fatua. (Macrob. Sat. i. 12; Gellius, xiii. 22; Fest. p. 134, ed. Muller.)
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Celaeno (Kelaino), a Pleiad, daughter of Atlas and Pleione, and by Poseidon the
mother of Lycus and Eurypylus, or, according to others, of Lycus and Chimaereus
by Prometheus (Apollod. iii. 10.1; Ov. Her. xix. 135; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod.
iv. 1561; Tzetz. ad Lycoph 132).
There are several other mythological beings of this name : namely, a Harpy (Virg. Aen. iii. 211), a daughter of Ergeus (Hygin. Fab. 157), a daughter of Hyamus (Paus. x. 6.2), a Danaid (Strab. xii.; Apollod. ii. 1. 5), and an Amazon. (Diod. iv. 16.)
Daughter of Atlas and Pleione, one of the Pleiades, wife of Oenomaus.
Gave her name to the mount Taygetus in Peloponnese
Alcyone or Halcyone (Alkuone). A Pleiad, a daughter of Atlas and Pleione, by whom Poseidon begot Aethusa, Hyrieus and Hyperenor (Apollod. iii. 10.1; Hygin. Praef. Fab.; Ov. Heroid. xix. 13..) To these children Pausanias (ii. 30.7) adds two others, Hyperes and Anthas.
Agoraea and Aoraeus (Agoraia and Agoraios), are epithets given to several divinities
who were considered as the protectors of the assemblies of the people in the agora,
such as Zeus (Paus. iii. 11.8, v. 15.3), Athena (iii. 11.8), Artemis (v. 15.3),
and Hermes (i. 15.1, ii. 9.7, ix. 17.1). As Hermes was the god of commerce, this
surname seems to have reference to the agora as the market-place.
Cyllenius (Kullenios), a surname of Hermes, which he derived from mount Cyllene in Arcadia, where he had a temple (Paus. viii. 17.1), or from the circumstance of Maia having given birth to him on that mountain. (Virg. Aen. viii. 139, &c.)
Cyllen (Kullen), a son of Elatus, from whom mount Cyllene in Arcadia was believed to have received its name. (Paus. viii. 4.3)
Son of Arcas, joint ruler of Arcadia, father of Stymphalus and Pereus, father of Ischys, founds Elatea, likenesses of.
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