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Information about the place (3)
The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
A city in the E part of the region known chiefly as the site of the
cult of Ajax Stammheros. It was destroyed by the Phokians in 352 B.C. during their
war against Boiotia, but was rebuilt perhaps as early as 335 B.C. and survived
at least until the time of Hadrian. An inscription found in excavating a late
temple at Haghios Joannis, below the mediaeval castle of Rengini, has fixed the
location, thought by Bursian to be the predecessor of Pharygai at modern Mendenitsa.
The Classical city, which had an outlet to the sea at Thronion, would have commanded
the route from N to central Greece. There are a few visible remains of the Roman
and Christian periods, with traces of Hellenic walls on the E slope of the acropolis.
M. H. Mc Allister, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites,
Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from
Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
(Narux), Narycus (Narukos), or Narycium (Narukion). A town of
the Locri Opuntii, on the Euboean Sea, described as the birthplace of Aias, son
of Oileus, who is hence called Narycius heros. Since Locri Epizephyrii, in the
south of Italy, claimed to be a colony from Naryx, in Greece, we find the town
of Locri called Narycia by the poets, and the pitch of Bruttium was also named
This text is cited Sep 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Narycium (Narukos, Naruch, Narycium, Eth. Narukios). A town of the
Opuntian Locrians, the reputed birthplace of Ajax, son of Oileus (Strab. ix. p.
425, Steph. B. s.v.), who is hence called by Ovid (Met. xiv. 468) Narycius heros.
In B.C. 395, Ismenias, a Boeotian commander, undertook an expedition against Phocis,
and defeated the Phocians near Naryx of Locris, whence we may conclude with Leake
that Naryx was near the frontier of Phocis. (Diod. xiv. 82.) In 352 Naryx was
taken by Phayllus, the Phocian commander. (Diod. xvi. 38.) It is placed by some
at Talanda, but by Leake at the small village of Kalapodhi, where there are a
few ancient remains. (Northern Greece, vol. ii. p. 187.) As Locri in Bruttium
in Italy was, according to some of the ancients, a colony of Naryx (Virg. Aen.
iii. 399), the epithet of Narycian is frequently given to the Bruttian pitch.
(Virg. Georg. ii. 438; Colum. x. 386; Plin. xiv. 20. s. 25.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)