EL
Greek Travel Pages

Location information

Listed 13 sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites for wider area of: "ILIA Prefecture WEST GREECE" .


Archaeological sites (13)

Ancient sanctuaries

BASSAE (Ancient sanctuary) ILIA

Temple of Epicurean Apollo


The Temple of Epicurean Apollo

  The temple is situated on a slope of Mount Lykaeo and was designed by Iktinos, the architect of the Parthenon, during the Peloponnesean War at the end of the 5th century (410 B.C.) to thank god Apollo for his help and to induce him to banish evil from the area, when great famine had plagued the area. Iktinos' genius and his refusal to conform to the architectular norms made him combine the three ancient architectural styles in the most harmonious way; the doric with the outside pillars, the Ionian with the semipillars and the Corinthian with the two pillars for the north entrance and the two for the south. On the famous zoeforos of sculptor Alkamenous dear themes from mythology were reproduced, and it is placed in the niche of the temple on the top part of the semipillars which supported the top in contrast with the other temples.
  Until 555 A.D. the temple maintained its glamour when an earthquake and the spreading of Christianity led it to obscurity which was completed in the Byzantine Years. It was discovered by the French traveller BOUCHET in 1765 A.D. and it was immediately looted by foreign as well as Turkish smugglers of antiquities. The English Gropus in cooperation with Veli pasha, governor, then, of Morias, stripped the temple of all the archaeological remains in 1812. He sold those in auctions to the rich of the West like the Ionian zoeforos which was bought by the King of England, George the 4th.

This text is cited Jan 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.


Ancient tombs

AGIA TRIADA (Village) ILIA

KAKOVATOS (Village) ZACHARO

Three domed tombs at Kakovato

Near a Mycaenean settlement at Kakovato three domed tombs have been found.


Ancient towns

ALIFIRA (Ancient city) ILIA

Archaeological Site of Alifira

Tel: +30 26240 22448

EPY (Ancient city) ILIA

FIGALIA (Ancient city) ILIA

ILIS (Ancient city) ILIA

Excavations and Archaeological site

Travellers located the city of ancient Elis in the 19th century and indeed prepared topographical plans. The first systematic excavations were conducted by the Austrian Archaeological Institute between 1911 and 1914, under the direction of Otto Walter. Since 1960 excavations have been continued intermittently by the Archaeological Society at Athens. Rescue excavations carried out by the VIIth Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, between 1965 and 1970, when the irrigation channel of the Peneius dam was being constructed, uncovered part of the ancient city.
The following buildings were revealed or located and subsequently identified on the basis of Pausanias' descriptions: Gymnasium, which has not been excavated but seems to have had the same dimensions as that of Olympia (approx. 200m long); Baths, to the west of the agora; Temenos of Achilles; Hellanodikaion; 'Southward' Stoa; 'Corcyraian' Stoa, which was the south border of the agora; various small sanctuaries; a square building with internal peristyle cort where the sixteen Eleian women wove the peplos of Hera; a section of the peribolos (enclosure) of the temenos of Aphrodite; another peribolos of the sanctuary, a small temple and precincts, among them one of Hades; and finally the theatre to the north of the agora.
The theatre was built in the 4th century BC and remodelled in Hellenistic and Roman times. The stoneskin with the proscenium and the paraskenia are among the oldest in ancient Greece. The audience did not sit in seats but on the hill slope, just as they did in the stadium of Olympia. Six stone stairways gave access to the cavea and divided it into seven cunei. An elaborate drainage network safeguarded the theatre from the danger of flooding. The theatre ceased to function in late Roman times, when the city in general went into decline, and a cemetary with clusters of cist and tile-roofed graves was created here.
The Elis Archaeological Collection
  
Founded in 1981, the Collection includes finds brought to light in the excavations in Elis. These date from the Early Helladic period to the Roman Age. Vases, statues, sculptures, funerary stelai, teracotta adn stone architectural members, figurines, bronze vessels, weapons, coins and other minor objects are exhibited.
Of particular interest are the broze theatre 'tickets', inscribed with the designation FA(ΛΕΙΩΝ), meaning 'of the Faleioi', i.e. Eleians, which were found in large number and date from the late 4th century BC, as well as the teracotta face masks and the female figurines, which are excellent examples of Eleian coroplastic art.
Outstanding are the two sections of mosaic floors displayed in the atrium of the Archaeological Collection. They come from a large villa of the 3rd century AD, built to the southwest of the agora of Elis. The representations are in circular arrangement: on one the relate to the Nine Muses and on the other to the Labours of Herakles.
Xeni Arapoyanni, ed.
Translation by: Alexandra Doumas
Cited Sep 2002, from the Municipality of Amaliada information pamphlet


LEPREON (Ancient city) ILIA

SAMIKON (Ancient city) ILIA

You are able to search for more information in greater and/or surrounding areas by choosing one of the titles below and clicking on "more".

Ferry Departures
From

Copyright 1999-2019 International Publications Ltd.