Various locations MANTINIA (Province) ARCADIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

Location information

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Various locations (42)

Ancient authors' reports

Plain of Orchomenus

KANDILA (Village) LEVIDI
The rain-water, flowing through a deep gully between the city and Mount Trachy, descends to another Orchomenian plain, which is very considerable in extent, but the greater part of it is a lake.

The Manthuric plain

MANTHYREA (Ancient city) TEGEA
In Arcadia.

Scope

SKOPI (Village) TRIPOLI
Place near Mantinea.

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
The Tegeans say that in the time of Tegeates, son of Lycaon, only the district got its name from him, and that the inhabitants dwelt in parishes, Gareatae, Phylacenses, Caryatae, Corythenses, Potachidae, Oeatae, Manthyrenses, Echeuethenses. But in the reign of Apheidas a ninth parish was added to them, namely Apheidantes.

The place of Zeus Clarius

The lofty place, on which are most of the altars of the Tegeans, is called the place of Zeus Clarius (Of Lots), and it is plain that the god got his surname from the lots cast for the sons of Arcas. Here the Tegeans celebrate a feast every year. It is said that once at the time of the feast they were invaded by the Lacedaemonians. As it was snowing, these were chilled, and thus distressed by their armour, but the Tegeans, without their enemies knowing it, lighted a fire. So untroubled by the cold they donned, they say, their armour, went out against the Lacedaemonians, and had the better of the engagement.

Ancient place-names

Phylactris

AKRA (Settlement) TEGEA
Hill near Tegea.

Elaphus

ARACHAMITES (Village) VALTETSI
Stream in Arcadia.

Boreus Mountain

ASSEA (Ancient city) VALTETSI

Polus

FALANTHOS (Ancient city) ARCADIA
One of the men who introduced mysteries of Great Goddesses into Megalopolis, plain of.

Phalanthus

Mountain of Arcadia.

Oligyrtus

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI
  Oligyrtus (Oligurtos, Polyb. iv. 11, 70; Onogurtos, Plut. Cleom. 26), a mountain and fortress situated in a pass between Stymphalus and Caphyae. Leake places it on a small advanced height of Mt. Skipezi, projecting into the Stymphalian plain, on the crest of which are the foundations of a Hellenic wall, formed of large quadrangular stones. (Leake, Morea, vol. iii. p. 114; Boblaye, Recherches, &c. p. 154; Curtius, Peloponnesos, vol. i.p. 217.)

Alcimedon plain

KAPSAS (Village) MANTINIA
Plain near Mantinea.

Cresius

KERASSITSA (Village) TEGEA
Mountain in Arcadia.

Leuconian fountain

There is on the way to Tegea a fountain called Leuconian.

Anchisia Mountain

LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA
Mountain of Arcadia.

Elymia

The flat area to the east of Levidi, where in 370 BC a battle between Mantineans and Orchomenians took place. Xenophon refers to this battle (Hell. 6,5,13) (Ekd. Athinon, Pausanias’ Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 222, note 1).

Anchisiae

Place in Arcadia.

Anemosa

LIBOVISSI (Village) ARCADIA
Anemosa (Anemasa), a village of Arcadia in the district Maenalia on the Helisson near Zibovisi. (Pans. viii. 35. § 9; Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 238.)

Cissa

MAINALON (Ski centre) ARCADIA
A spring.

Ophis river

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
River at Mantinea.

Pelagus forest

Oak-wood near Mantinea, referred to in ambiguous oracle.

Untilled plain

After crossing into Mantinean country over Mount Artemisius you will come to a plain called the Untilled Plain, whose name well describes it, for the rain-water coming down into it from the mountains prevents the plain from being tilled.

Alesius mountain

Mount.

Thaumasius Mountain

MENALON (Mountain) LEVIDI
Mountain of Arcadia.

Three Ways

Meetings of, place in Arcadia.

Philippium spring

NESTANI (Acropolis) MANTINIA
For it is said that by this Nestane Philip made an encampment, and the spring here they still call Philippium after the king.

The Dancing Floor of Maera

By Nestane there lies, on lower ground, about . . . itself too forming part of the Untilled Plain, and it is called the Dancing Floor of Maera.

Mount Trachy

ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI
Opposite the city is Mount Trachy (Rough).

Caphyatic Rock

On the road to Pheneus you will come to a mountain. On this mountain meet the boundaries of Orchomenus, Pheneus and Caphya. Over the boundaries extends a high crag, called the Caphyatic Rock.

Teneae springs

Springs near Orchomenus in Arcadia.

Dyke

PALLANTION (Ancient city) TRIPOLI
Near Pallantium, dyke serving as dam.

The plain of Pallantium

The plain of Pallantium you reach by turning aside to the left from the Dyke.

Rheunus

PANAGITSA (Village) LEVIDI
Place in Arcadia.

Anemosa

PIANA (Village) FALANTHOS
Place in Arcadia.

Cruni

Spring in Arcadia.

Melangea

PIKERNI (Village) MANTINIA
Place near Mantinea.

Tegeatikon Pedion (Tegeatic Plain)

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
  The territory of Tegea N. of the city, towards Mantineia, is a plain of considerable size, and is usually called the Tegeatic plain (Tegeatikon pedion). There was a smaller plain, separated from the former by a low range of mountains S. of Tripolitza, and lying between Tegea and Pallantium: it was called the Manthyric plain (Manthurikon pedion), from Manthyrea, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, the ruins of which are situated SW. of Tegea, on a slope of Mt. Boreium. (Paus. viii. 44. § 7, comp. viii. 45. § 1, 47. § 1; Steph. B. s. v. Manthurea.) The remainder of the Tegeatis on the E. and S. is occupied by the mountains separating it from Argolis and Sparta respectively, with the exception of a small plain running eastward from the Tegeatic plain to the foot of Mt. Parthenium, and probably called the Corythic plain, from Corytheis, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, which was situated in this plain. (Paus. viii. 45. § 1, 54. § 4.)
  The plain of Tegea having no natural outlet for its waters is drained by natural chasms through the limestone mountains, called katavothra. Of these the two most important are at the modern village of Persova and at the marsh of Taki. The former is situated in the Corythic plain above mentioned, at the foot of Mt. Parthenium, and the latter is the marsh in the Manthyric plain. SW. of Tegea. The chief river in the district is now called the Sarantapotamos, which is undoubtedly the Alpheius of Pausanias (viii. 54. § 1, seq.). The Alpheius rose on the frontiers of Tegea and Sparta, at a place called Phylace (Phulake, near Krya Vrysis), one of the ancient demi of Tegea, and, as we may infer from its name, a fortified watch-tower for the protection of the pass. A little beyond Phylace the Alpheius receives a stream composed of several mountain torrents at a place named Symbola (Sumbola); but upon entering the plain of Tegea its course was different in ancient times. It now flows in a north-easterly direction through the plain, receives the river of Dhuliana (the ancient Garates, Garates, Paus. viii. 54. § 4), flows through the Corythic plain, and enters the katavothra at Persona/. Pausanias, on the other hand, says (viii. 54. § 2) that the Alpheius descends into the earth in the Tegeatic plain, reappears near Asea (SW. of Tegea), where, after joining the Eurotas, it sinks a second time into the earth, and again appears at Asea. Hence it would seem that the Alpheius anciently flowed in a north a north-westerly direction, and entered the katavothra at the marsh of Taki, in the Manthyric plain. There is a tradition among the peasants that the course of the river was changed by a Turk, who acquired property in the neighbourhood, because the katavothra at the Taki did not absorb quickly enough the waters of the marsh. The Garates therefore anciently flowed into the katavothra at Persova without having any connection with the Alpheius. It probably derived its name from Garea or Gareae, one of the ancient demi of Tegea, which may have been situated at the village of Dhuliana. (Ross, Peloponnes, p. 70, seq.; Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 112, seq.)

This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


The fountain where Auge was outraged by Heracles

To the north of the temple is a fountain, and at this fountain they say that Auge was outraged by Heracles.

Symbola

VOURVOURA (Village) SKYRITIDA
Place in valley of Alpheus.

Mountain peaks

Mount Cnacalus

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI
Mountain of Arcadia.

Springs

Alalcomenia spring

ARTEMISSIO (Village) MANTINIA
Spring in Arcadia.

Menelais

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI
A little beyond the city is a spring, and by the spring grows a large and beautiful plane tree. They call it Menelais, saying that the plane was planted by the spring by Menelaus, who came to the spot when he was collecting his army against Troy. To-day they give the name Menelais to the spring as well as to the plane.

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